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The editorial surprised many african americans who

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The editorial surprised many African Americans who viewed Du Bois as an uncompromising African American leader and a chief opponent of the (10) accommodationist tactics urged by Booker, T.Washington. In fact, however, Du Bois often shifted posi- tions along the continuum between Washington and confrontationists (15) such as William Trotter. In 1895, when Washington called on African Americans to concentrate on improving their communities instead of oppos- ing discrimination and agitating for (20) political rights, Du Bois praised Washington’s speech. In 1903, however, Du Bois aligned himself with Trotter, Washington’s militant opponent, less for ideological reasons (25) than because Trotter had described to him Washington’s efforts to silence those in the African American press who opposed Washington’s positions. (30) reflected not a change in his long-term goals but rather a pragmatic response
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in the face of social pressure: government officials had threatened African American journalists with (35) censorship if they continued to voice grievances. Furthermore, Du Bois believed that African Americans’ contributions to past war efforts had brought them some legal and political (40) advances. Du Bois’ accommoda- tionism did not last, however. Upon learning of systematic discrimination experienced by African Americans in the military, he called on them to “return fighting” from the war. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Q 25: According to the passage, which of the following is true of the strategy that Du Bois’ 1918 editorial urged African Americans to adopt during the First World War? A. It was a strategy that Du Bois had con- sistently rejected in the past. B. It represented a compromise between Du Bois’ own views and those of Trotter. C. It represented a significant redefinition of the long-term goals Du Bois held prior to the war. D. It was advocated by Du Bois in response to his recognition of the discrimination faced by African Americans during the war. E. It was advocated by Du Bois in part because of his historical knowledge of gains African Americans had made during past wars. Answer: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 26. The passage is primarily concerned with
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