1) Pancreatic juice is slightly Alkaline because of this compound: Ca(HCO ₃ ) ₂ XXXIII. What intestinal hormone stimulates the pancreas to release sodium bicarbonate? 1) This intestinal hormone stimulates the pancreas to release Ca(HCO ₃ ) ₂ : Secretin XXXIV. Explain the following liver structures: bile, bile canaliculi, common hepatic duct, cystic duct, common bile duct. 1) This liver Hepatocytes – bile canaliculi – bile ductules
Study Guide 15 product is a yell/green liquid secreted by hepatocytes that serves as excretory product and digestive secretion: Bile 2) These liver structures are small ducts between hepatocytes that collect bile produced by hepatocytes: Bile Canaliculi 3) Bile ducts merge and form larger right and left hepatic ducts which unite and exit liver as___: Common bile duct 4) The common bile duct joins the cystic duct from gall bladder to form___: Common Hepatic Duct 5) XXXV. What is the pathway for bile from the liver and gall bladder to the duodenum (flowchart)? See question 32. 1) XXXVI. Describe the following liver structures: hepatic sinusoids, hepatic portal vein, portal triad, hepatic artery, central vein. How does blood flow through the liver following these structures (see figure/flow chart starting with hepatic artery and hepatic portal vein)? 1) This liver structure are highly permeable blood capillaries between rows of hepatocytes: Hepatic Sinusoids 2) This liver structure brings venous blood from GI organs and spleen into liver: Hepatic Portal Vein 3) This liver structure Together, bile duct, hepatic artery, and hepatic vein are reffered to as___: Portal Triad 4) The liver receives Oxygenated blood from the ____: Hepatic Artery 5) The liver receives deoxygenated blood containing newly absorbed nutrients, drugs, microbes, and toxins from GI tract through the ____: Hepatic Portal Vein 6)
Study Guide 16 XXXVII. What intestinal hormone stimulates the gall bladder to release bile? 1) XXXVIII. What is bilirubin and stercobilin? 1) This is the primary bile pigment that is secreted into bile and is broken down in intestine: Bilirubin 2) This is one of the byproducts of Bilirubin that gives feces its brown color: Stercobilin XXXIX. What are the 4 cell types in the small intestine and what do they secrete? 1) Absorptive Cells, Goblet cells, Paneth Cells, and Enteroendocrine Cells are the 4 cell types found in the Epithelial of the___: GI Tract 2) These GI cells release enzymes that digest food and contain microvilli that absorb nutrients in chyme: Absorptive Cells 3) These GI cells secrete Mucus: Goblet Cells 4) These GI cells 5) These GI cells secrete lysosome capable of phagocytosis and regulate microbes in Small intestine: Paneth Cells 6) These GI cells secrete hormones for digestion: Enteroendocrine Cells
Study Guide 17 XL. What does secretin do? What does cholecystokinin do?
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- Fall '19
- Digestive System, GI Tract