Sex Education Research Paper copy.docx

Until marriage in a society where teenagers are

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until marriage in a society where teenagers are engaging in sexual activity more often, and had negative feedback on their abstinence-only sex education programs. Abstinence-only sex education programs were positively correlated with teen pregnancy and birth rates, as Stanger-Hall and Hall in “Abstinence-Only Sex Education and Teen Pregnancy Rates: Why We Need Comprehensive Sex Education in the US” discussed. Four main factors were associated when considering abstinence-only education’s effectiveness including socioeconomic status, education, ethnicity, and availability of healthcare. Additionally, the authors explained the funding that schools receive from the state relating to abstinence-only sex education and comprehensive based sex education and their decision as to which program and funding option would reduce teen pregnancy rates most adequately. AIDS Weekly (2012), reports how abstinence only programs have actually caused teens to have unprotected sex because they are not educated. Along with this, there have been more cases of unwanted pregnancies. All-in-all, AIDS Weekly noted that there have been lower success rates with abstinence only programs. According to Santelli, J., et al (2006), abstinence 3
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only programs withhold information from adolescents about being protected while sexually active. Adolescents do not have the proper information to make a “good” choice when it comes to having sex and prevention methods. Abstinence-only education programs have taught that psychological problems occur in adolescents after having sex before marriage, however, there is no data that shows that doing this is harmful. On the contrary, abortions have shown to cause more psychological effects than having sex before marriage. Kohler, Manhart, & Lafferty (2008), researched the role that sex education plays in sexual activity and risk of teenage pregnancies and STDs. They found that adolescents who were taught comprehensive based sex education had lower rates of teen pregnancy, while there was no effect on those who were taught abstinence only education. The results found in this study displayed a positive association with comprehensive sex education programs, compared to abstinence only programs. Over time, research has shown that abstinence-only sex education programs in schools can be detrimental to not only a student’s physical health, but emotional health as well. Studies have revealed that it is unrealistic to have the expectations that all adolescents will remain abstinent until marriage. Withholding information from these adolescents tends to lead to poor choices in protection, which in turn can lead to unwanted teenage pregnancies and STDs. The purpose of abstinence-based sex education is commonly misconstrued as being anti- sex. While yes, the curriculum does urge adolescents to abstain from sexual activity until marriage, it is only because they have the individual's best interest in mind (and early sexual activity does not coincide with that). According to a number of studies discussed in Wilcox's A
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