Concept Identification: Theory development encouraged identification of concepts central to nursing. Identification of relationships between concepts (propositions) defined a new nursing perspective. Nursing Philosophies: The identification of nursing theory sources that are compatible with nursing work and accommodate the nursing perspective paved the way for the emergence of nursing philosophies. Nursing philosophy consists of assumptions and beliefs that guide the framework of nursing practice. This philosophy encompasses societal and individual human experiences (Salsberry, 1994), and addresses two central areas of commonality: the nature of human beings and the focus of nursing. Inherent fundamental assumptions provide the foundation of nursing philosophy. These philosophies help nurses to identify the focus of nursing as something quite different from that of the biomedical sciences. Nursing philosophies also initiate reflective practice and encourage nursing professionals — from the novice to the expert — to explore their own values regarding health, nursing, and interaction with clients. Though there are numerous philosophies and conceptualizations which have been developed over the past few decades, in this course we'll be focusing on only a select few which have guided nursing endeavors. Nursing Theories: Grand Theories and Middle-Range Theories Nursing theories are fundamental to the continued growth and evolution of the discipline of nursing. In the process of knowledge generation, the development of nursing research, nursing theory, and practice do not take place in isolation, but are greatly interdependent. To strengthen the connection between
Page 11 of 2 NSG 6006 Pre-Specialty Evaluation ©2017 South University 11 Nursing Theory NSG 6006 Week 3 theory and research, and theory and practice, emphasis is laid on developing and using theories to underpin nursing research and practice. A clear understanding of the purpose and evolution of theory, its major concepts, the relationship between these concepts, and the relevance of theory to education, research, and practice will help nursing professionals to use the theory as a framework for thought and examine nursing situations. Theory can serve as the framework to develop further research activities, which, in turn, can be directed to develop practice standards. This lecture summary will help you make the distinction between middle-range theories and grand theories. Examining research studies on Royï's adaptation model, Leiningerï's theory, and Penderï's model from the CINAHL database will help you realize how the concepts of these theories find application in nursing practice. You will also get an opportunity to critique a theory of your choice..
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- Fall '17
- Nursing, Nursing Theory NSG