o American English has developed a new “intensifier” -ass, which is somewhat vulgar and colloquial o that is a big-ass chimichanga = that is a very big chimichanga o native speakers know intensive -ass is a bound morpheme ex: question: are you cold? Answer: very Answer: ass – WRONG This suffix has subtle properties that native speakers now: Ex: o He is a very ignorant man = he is an ignorant ass man o He is very ignorant = he is ignorant ass , CANT SAY THAT INFIXATION o INFIXES: AN AFFIX THAT ATTACHES INSIDE THE ROOT In phillipines Fikas – strong, fumikas – to be strong Fusul – enemy, fumusul – to be an enemy The ‘verbifying morphemes are -mi or -mu This is an example of infixation o English has this too “explitive” infxation: In-fuckin’-credible “iz” infixation House = h-iz-ouse “Homeric” infixation: Education – edu-ma-cation 35
CIRCUMFIX o Affixes that surround the root both initially and finally German: Lieb = love Ge + lieb + t = loved English doesn’t really have this MORPHOLOGY, OVERVIEW: o Smallest linguistic unit with a meaning is a morpheme o A morpheme is distinct from a word: Mississippi-LESS-LY = 1 word, 3 morphemes o Morphemes come in different types Free, bound, lexical, functional, inflectional, derivational o Affixes (bound morphemes) also have different types Prefix, suffix, infix, circumfix o Words have internal structure Word trees MORPHOLOGY PART 2: MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS o Look for recurring morphemes o Compare and contrast partially similar forms o Look at the meanings for consistently meaningful forms 36
When you reduplicate once, to do something a little bit, but twice, means continuous action - Impt to look at this bc one of the ways in which dialects differ has to do with morphemes and repetition 40
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- Winter '08
- Vowel, International Phonetic Alphabet, Morpheme