Criminology Lecture Notes2

Co observe 3 types of delinquent subcultures which

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C+O observe 3 types of delinquent subcultures which may form in such a situation . Criminal subculture – delinquent boys, gangs, etc. . Can form when there is an integration between an illegitimate and legitimate social structure . Form this criminal subculture below the illegitimate social structure (organized crime) as they hope to work down there to grow up to work in organized crime – criminal subcultures formed beneath . Set-up characteristics . Age grading of criminal performance . Adults in illegitimate structure give the boys small jobs to do – being mentored by those adults in the illegitimate structure – taught how to do the work of organized crime – as they get older, they are given more responsibilities . Other boys and young adults are role models for these young boys – they are strained, because they give up hopes in succeeding in legitimate social structure . Overconformity – exaggeration of these values – . Once these kids obtain positions in the illegitimate structure, they straighten up – they become more restrained and disciplined once they are admitted . Social disorganization – lots of instability – lots of people moving in and out . Legitimate social structure is not strong, therefore there is nothing for the illegitimate social structure to feed off of – therefore there is no integration, thus illegitimate social structure does not form . Boys have nothing to strive for, no opportunities in the illegitimate social structure . These kids do one thing to get status and that is violence . Conflict Subculture – these boys use what they got – they pick fights because they want to gain status . Gain status by being the toughest and most violent . Retreatist Subculture “Double Failures”
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. Strained, failures, cannot get a job, cannot make it in the illegitimate structure either . There are only so many jobs in both structures – the kids that are in this subculture are those that failed to make it in either of the structures – mob bosses would not accept them . These kids failed in the conflict subculture too because they are not tough enough to succeed – they kept getting their butts kicked . They form gangs but their gangs are not cohesive – they fall into drug use . Experience of a drug is an individual experience – cannot take anyone with you when you trip or when you get high . These kids are double failures . Most of the gang subcultures we see nowadays are part of the conflict subculture – these kids have nothing to do and no other way to gain status in the legitimate and illegitimate subcultures but to fight – suggests that strain may be behind all of this Discussion 2/16/2012 . Strain Theory . Professor McConnel’s Merton is different than books -- McConnel believes that Merton is anomie theorist while Cohen and Cloward+Ohlin are strain theorists (books say Merton is strain theory) . Cohen . Action Problem Solving – a lot of human actions are due to desire to solve problems . Social action -- trying to figure out a result to problems .
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