Africa africa began being colonized in the late 1800s

This preview shows page 9 - 10 out of 13 pages.

territorial rights to victors. AFRICA: Africa began being colonized in the late 1800s The reasons it wasn’t earlier are: Diseases that killed potential colonists Resistance from native people Lacking necessary technology New technology allows Europeans to colonize Africa Maxim gun (machine gun) Creation of tonics Quinine: protected against malaria Steamships Allows Europeans to sail upstream on the African rivers Belgium the first to colonize Leopold II Colonized Congo→ Terrible treatment If rubber production didn’t meet quota, hands were cut off MILLIONS DIED highkey genocide Scramble for Africa: Europe saw Belgium’s success Berlin Conference: No Africans Invited Discussed who got what in Africa Main reason was to avoid conflict with other European nations Basically, Europe killed a lot of people in Africa to get: Rubber Other stuff for machines Resistance: Failed almost entirely: Major Exceptions: The Zulu: The Zulu warriors led by Shaka Zulu were at first successful at driving off European Imperialists→ Basically only because they had more people These imperialists came back with more people and more guns and won Ethiopia(kinda like Siam→ except not really at all in any way): Completely destroyed Italy Never colonized Won by modernizing their military They were sold guns by Europe since Ethiopia was primarily christian Kept up with European Industrialization JAPAN: Social order: Shoguns Daimyos Samurais Warrior culture Being a warrior was considered to be one of the most honorable things you could be 1600-1850: Japan unified by Tokugawa (a real G) Shogunate after the warring states period or the Sengoku Jidai Shogun = Military Ruler Prevented return of civil war Feudal System: Many Separate Lords with own band of Samurai EXTREMELY ISOLATIONIST closed country edict Commander Perry American Shipmaster Demanded Japan Open their Ports Japan Agrees: Why? The west had superior military power Treaty of Kanagawa-Japan signed under threat of force Ended exclusion policy Opened Ports Allowed American Castaways safe landing Harris Treaty: “Become the England Of the Orient” Most powerful nation in Asia Opened up 5 addition US Ports Extraterritoriality of Americans in Japan Meiji Restoration(Japan gets an emperor after the Shogunate steps down due to pressures from feudal lords and others) Modernize Japan’s Society: Make it like the West Had to sacrifice some cultural aspects of their lives: Japanese People Accepted these sacrifices because: Nationalism Loyalty and belief in the Emperor To catch up with the West Superiority over other Asians: “We (Japan) Succeed, they failed” Adopt parts but Keep Japan Unique What comes after industrialization:Expansion: Japan defeated China and gained ports(japan didn’t really have a good relationship with china, they hated china) Japan defeated Russia and gained Korea Japan Annexed Korea The main reason for expansion were materials and land mass Anglo-Japanese Treaty: Accepts Japan as one of the world’s major powers Ended Extraterritoriality

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture