We use past participle present participle to describe a completed action The

We use past participle present participle to describe

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We use: past participle present participle to describe a completed action The victims looked sadly at their burnt houses. to describe a continuous action People are running out of the burning building.
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9 Unit 17 Participles Unit 17 Participles DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B Grammar & Usage P.139 P.139 past participle present participle for passive actions The lecture given was different to the one advertised. for active actions The person giving the lecture is an expert in that subject. to describe someone’s feelings We were bored by the programme. to describe the thing or person that produces feelings The programme was boring .
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10 Unit 17 Participles Unit 17 Participles DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B Grammar & Usage P.139 P.139 17.3 17.3 Present participles used like adverbs Present participles used like adverbs These can be used: She hurt her leg ( while ) playing tennis . (= She hurt her leg while she was playing tennis. ) We use the present participle for the longer action. when one action happens in the middle of another Situation Examples
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11 Unit 17 Participles Unit 17 Participles DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B Grammar & Usage P.139 P.139 Situation Examples for one of two actions which happen at the same time He stood at the entrance of the theatre, waiting for his girlfriend . when one action happens immediately after another Hearing the crash , they rushed out to see what had happened. (= We heard the crash. Immediately after we heard it, we rushed outside. )
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12 Unit 17 Participles Unit 17 Participles DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B Grammar & Usage P.139 P.139 Situation Examples when one action happens before another (we use its perfect form) Having checked his emails , he started doing his homework. ( = He first checked his emails. Then he started doing his homework. )
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13 Unit 17 Participles Unit 17 Participles DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B Grammar & Usage P.139 P.139 17.4 17.4 Using present or past participles to explain Using present or past participles to explain We can use present or past participles to say why someone does something: Being unwell , Tony took a day off. (= Tony was unwell, so he took a day off. ) Not knowing what to do , I asked for her advice. (= I did not know what to do, so I asked for her advice. )
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14 Unit 17 Participles Unit 17 Participles DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B Grammar & Usage P.139 P.139 If the doer of the action expressed by the participle is different from the one expressed by the main verb, it cannot be omitted. It being late, she decided not to call him back. (= As it was late , she decided not to call him back.)
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15 Unit 17 Participles Unit 17 Participles DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B Grammar & Usage P.140 P.140 17.5 17.5 Forming negatives Forming negatives The negative is formed by adding not to the participle clause. ‘Not’ comes before the participle.
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  • Fall '14
  • Grammar, Participle, Usage

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