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Krohn et al 1985 smoking makes one look like an adult

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What is the most likely reaction of your father to your smoking? (Krohn, et al., 1985) Smoking makes one look like an adult (Krohn, et al., 1985). Smoking makes one look sophisticated (Krohn, et al., 1985). 4. IMITATION ENGAGING IN THE BEHAVIOR AFTER VIEWING A SIMILAR BEHAVIOR IN OTHERS WHO ARE MEANININGFUL TO THE INDIVIDUAL HOW THE CONCEPT IMITATION HAS BEEN MEASURED:
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HOW MANY OF THE PEOPLE YOU ADMIRE (PARENTS, FRIENDS, OTHER ADULTS) HAVE YOU OBSERVED USING ALCOHOL OR MARIJUANA (AKERS, ET AL., 1979)? MY BEST MALE FRIEND SMOKESS (KROHN, ET AL. 1985) MY BEST FEMALE FRIEND SMOKES (KROHN, ET AL. 1985) HYPOTHESES: KUBRIN, ET AL. 2009: A PERSON IS MORE LIKELY TO COMMIT CRIME IF HE OR SHE BELIEVES THE BEHAVIOR WILL BE REWARDED? THOSE WHO ARE REWARDED FOR CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR ARE MORE LIKELY TO CRIME AGAIN? THOSE WHO ARE PUNISHED FOR CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR ARE LESS LIKELY TO COMMIT CRIME AGAIN? RESEARCH –APPEARS TO BE SUPPORTIVE AKERS AND SELLERS (2009) LARGE BODY OF RESEARCH MODERATE TO STRONG EMPIRICAL VALIDITY PROBLEMS WITH THE THEORY Cross-sectional design: DOES ATTITUDE OR BEHAVIOR COME FIRST? SOME STUDIES DO NOT MEASURE PEER AND FAMILY ATTITUDES
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