Other common symptoms faver headache and fatigue o if

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Other common symptoms: faver, headache and fatigueoIf untreated: infection may spread to other parts of the body within a few days to weeksoUntreated symptoms: loss of muscle tone, on one or both sides of the face (facial or bell’s palsy), severe headaches, neck stiffness due to meningitis, heart palpitations and dizziness due to changes in heartbeat, and pain that moves from joint to joint. oMany of symptoms will resolve, even without treatmentoAfter several months, ~60% of pateins with untrated infection will begin to have intermittent bouts of arthritis, with severe joint paina and swellingoUp to 5% of untreated patients may develop chronic neurological complaints months to years after infectionoTreatment: most cases can be cured with antibiotics (doxycycline and amoxicilin), especially if the treatment begins early in the illness.oSmall percentage of patients have symptoms for months or years after antibiotic treatment, inculding muscle/joint pain, arthritis, cognitive defects, sleep disturbance and fatigure, may result from autoimmune reactionoPrevention: using insect repellent and removing ticks promptlyFood Poisoning: foods (even cooked) provide a great environment for disease-causing bacteria to grow and deposit their toxinsoFood Contamination: Spoiled/contaminated foods: usually unpleasant appearance and taste, ofthen happens when bacteria are present in large numbersSometimes, difficult to detect food contamination, occurs when bacteria are present in small numbers, may deposit toxins such as
Staphylococcus enterotoxin, which is not detectable but efficient at causing illnessoMethods of contamination: enter foods from a variety of sourcesAirborne organisms fall onto foods, crops carry soil-borne bacterial species, shellfish concertrate organisms in their filtering apparatus, rodents and insects carry microbes on their feet and body parts, which they depsoit while walking through our foodoHuman Handling: major source of contaminationBacteria species in animal’s intestines contaminate meat when it is not processed properly by a butcher or a meat processing facilityRaw Vegetables such as those typically found at a salad bar can become contaminated if not handled/washed properlyBacteria that are majot causes of food-borne ilnessesSalmonella species: 1 million people a year infectedoTransmission: undercooked foods such as eggs, poultry, dairy products and seafoodoSymptoms: moderate illness with nausea vomiting, crampy diarrhea and headache, which may come back a few weeks later as arthritisoCan be life-threatening to people with impaired immune systems (HIV/AIDS)Typhiod Fever: caused by samonella typhioCauses high fevers; typically over 103 degrees FoOften fatal without antibiotic oFound in contaminated groundwater or foodCampylobacter: most commonly identified food-borne illness in the worldoMild illness with fever, watery diarrhea, headache and muscle acheso

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