Jefferson turned against france in 1802 french closed

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, Jefferson turned against FranceIn 1802, French closed lower Mississippito American shippersJefferson built river fleet and expanded army, considered treaty with British sent Robert Livingston to negotiate buying of Louisiana territory, Napoleon acceptedNapoleon’s army severely weakened by yellow fever epidemic; by 1803, he engaged in new war in Europe, had no resources for American empireThe Louisiana PurchaseLivingston and James Monroesigned agreement on April 30, 1803to buy Louisiana territorywith a set price; done so without instruction
US must pay $15 millionto French government, French had certain exclusive commercial privileges in New Orleans, citizens of Louisiana given same rights and privileges as other citizens in Union, accepted into UnionJefferson was embarrassed of treaty, no where in Constitution allowed for gainingnew territory; treaty making power of executive justify purchase of LouisianaCongress approved treaty, paid France, and late in 1803territory handed over to Commissioner of US General James WilkinsonTerritory eventually divided into states, Louisiana became state in 1812Lewis and Clark Explore the WestIn 1803, Jefferson planned expedition to cross continent into Pacific Ocean, led by Meriwether Lewis and William ClarkIn spring of 1804, Lewis and Clark expedition with 48 men started up Mississippi from St. LouisWith guidance from woman named Sacajawea, crossed Rocky Mountains, went down Snake and Columbia Rivers, arrived on Pacific Coast in 1805Returned to St. Louis in September 1806with elaborate records of geography and Indian civilizations they encountered along the wayWhile Lewis and Clark were exploring, Jefferson sent Zebulon Montgomery Pikeon expedition to upper Mississippi Valley and un Arkansas ValleyThe Burr ConspiracyFederalists raged against new land for it lessened their power, radical federalists called Essex Junto felt need for New England, New York, New Jersey to succeed from union and form confederacyAaron Burrbecame Federalist candidate for governor of New York, attacked by Hamiltonin press as he wrote badly of Burr who lost, dueled with HamiltonIn July 1804, Hamilton met Burr at Weehawken, New Jersey; Hamilton accepted duel to defend his honor, mortally wounded, died next dayAaron Burr rumored to want to create Southwest empire and capture Mexico; sailed down Ohio River in 1806 with armed followers and arrested trialed for treason, not convicted because chief justice Marshall presented little evidenceEXPANSION AND WARConflict on the SeasUS developed most important merchant marines in the world, controlling large amount of trade Between Europe and West IndiesIn 1805 at Battle of Trafalgar, British destroyed French navyIn Continental System, Napoleon attempted to close British from trade to continental EuropeSeries of decrees by Napoleon forbade British/neutral ships to land at any ports ofFrench and its Allies, British blockade only allowed British/neutral ships to ship goods to Napoleon

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