REQUIREMENTS FOR MORAL JUDGEMENTSTo say that moral judgements should be logical implies several things. First, as indicated in the discussionof moral reasoning, our moral judgements should follow logically from their premises.The connection between (1) the standard, (2) the conduct or policy, and (3) the moral judgement should be such that 1 and 2 logically entail 3.Second, our moral judgements should be logically compatible with our other moral and nonmoral beliefs. We must avoid inconsistency.We cannot make an exception for ourselves, judging something permissible for us to do while condemning others for doing the very same things.The information supporting a moral judgement, the facts, should be relevant – that is, the information should actually relate to the judgement; it should be complete or inclusive of all significant data; and it should, of course, be accurate or true.
For Further Reflection (CH1)1.To what extent do our moral ideas reflect the society around us, and to what extent are we free to think for ourselves about moral matters?A: 2.Describe a situation in which you felt pressured to act against your moral principles or where youfelt torn between conflicting moral values, rules, or principles. What did you do? A: 3.How do you explain the fact that in the business world basically good people sometimes act immorally?A:CHAPTER 2CONSEQUENTIALIST AND NONCONSEQUENTIALIST THEORIES