The public’s negative view of attorneys likely contributes to formal complaints about attorney conduct (or misconduct). States have different expectations and definitions for what is viewed to be appropriate conduct for attorneys. Of the few studies that have been done on attorney misconduct, the focus tends to be on types of sanctions levied against attorneys. If attorneys violate the criminal or civil laws, they can be subjected to penalties stemming from those bodies of law (e. g., incarceration, probation, fines, restitution). A variety of different sanctions can be given to attorneys by
their professional associations. Most commonly, these sanctions include warning letters, private reprimands, public reprimands, suspensions, and disbarment. Just as lawyers are depicted in certain ways on television shows and movies, judges are also a regular part of the “ cast of characters” portrayed in crime-related media. Kentucky identifies three general types of judicial misconduct: improper influence improper courtroom decorum improper illegal activities on or off the bench o Allegations of judicial misconduct increased significantly in the early 1990s (Coyle, 1995). o It is estimated that 90% of complaints filed against judges are dismissed (Gray, 2004). o Some have argued that a combination of three factors contributes to misdeeds by judges. These factors include office authority heavy caseloads interactions with others in the judicial process (Coyle, 1995) o Criminologist Jocelyn Pollock (2004) has identified five different types of prosecutorial misconduct. o Legal expert Alschuler (1972) discussed a different set of prosecutorial misconduct examples. o While it is difficult to identify precisely how often prosecutorial misconduct occurs, estimates suggest that these behaviors are particularly common. o A number of direct and indirect negative consequences arise from prosecutorial misconduct. o Unlike professionals working in some of the other systems, professionals in the political system routinely confront suspicion and distrust from citizens. o Types of crimes occurring in the political system include election law violations, campaign finance violations, political corruption related to extortion and bribery, apolitical white-collar
crime, crimes in the military, and state- corporate crime. o Election law violations refer to situations where political officials violate rules guiding the way that elections Crimes in the Educational System Crimes in the Educational System are supposed to be conducted. (Payne, 2013, pp. 111-112). References Payne, B. K. (2013). White-collar crime: The essentials. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGEPublications. W3 Lecture 2 "Crimes in the Housing System" Content White Collar Crime Crimes in the Housing System This lecture covers the following topics: Mortgage Fraud Types of Mortgage Fraud Consequences of Mortgage Fraud Patterns Surrounding Mortgage Fraud Slumlords as White-collar Criminals Mortgage Fraud
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- Winter '18
- Salome Vejar
- White Collar Crime