Some have suggested that the gender difference may be the result of a gender bias in the
diagnostic process. That is, doctors and clinicians expect women to suffer from
depression more often and , consequently, are more vigilant in finding symptoms that
confirm this expectation. As a researcher, how would you test this hypothesis?
(To complete this question you may consult,in addition to others you choose, the Web
sites for the [ National Institute of Mental Health ] (NIMH) and the [American
psychological Association ](APA) . Compare your answers to questions 1,2, and 3 to the
information provided by NIMH and the APA. Then briefly summarize the latest evidence
regarding the biosocial, cognitive and psychosocial factors in depression in general and
women's greater vulnerability,in particular.