11 terminal or system exitentry this symbol is used

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11. Terminal or System Exit/Entry - This symbol is used to indicate the beginning, or ending point of the process represented on a flowchart. It is also used to display system entry or exit of data. 12. On-Page Connector - On-page connectors allow document flows to be bridged within a single page of the flowchart. Each connector is numbered within a page. An arrow pointing to a connector identifies the other connector on the same page where the document flow continues. An arrow pointing away from the connector identifies the connector from which the flow is continuing. 13. Off Page Connector - Rarely do document flowcharts fit on one page. Off page connectors are used to connect multiple pages of a document flowchart. Shown within the off page connector symbol is the page number that the flow continues to (or from which the flow came) and a connector number. 14. Annotation - This symbol is used to include important supplementary information or explanations that are difficult to describe graphically within the flowchart itself. 15. Decision - Sometimes in a system, the course of action depends on making a decision or choice. A description of the decision would appear in the symbol (e.g. "Is the document complete?"). Two labeled flow lines would exit from the decision symbol; a line labeled with "yes" ("yes" the document is complete) would lead to a paper off-line file, while a line labeled "no" ("no" the document is not complete) would show the document flowing back to the user department. 16. Calculator or Register Tape - This symbol is used to represent the output from a process that provides a summary of calculations such as totaling a batch of cash receipts or sales, or calculating discounts. 17. Physical (Non-document) Objects - This symbol is used to denote any physical object that may accompany a document flow (e.g., merchandise, supplies, and products). R2. What are the important flowcharting conventions or techniques you should follow to make a flowchart easier to understand? 47 Solutions Manual to accompany Dunn, Enterprise Information Systems: A Pattern Based Approach, 3e
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Task Level Modeling 1. Prepare the flowchart to be read "Left-to-right, Top-to-bottom". 2. All Documents Must Have an Origin and Termination 3. Keep Flowcharts Uncluttered 4. Make Sure the Progress of a Document is Clear 5. Make Sure Your Flowchart is Complete: Represent Each Input, Processing, Output, and Storage Step R3. When should you use an overlapping document symbol instead of a single document symbol in a system flowchart? A single document symbol is used to represent one or more documents of the same type for which there is only one copy of each document. The overlapping document symbol is used to represent one or more documents of the same type for which multiple copies of each document exist. The number of overlapped symbols should equal the number of copies, with the copy number written in the top right corner of each overlapped symbol. The overlapping document symbol is also used to represent copies of two or more different documents that move together in a flowchart. The number of overlapped symbols should equal the
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