Through the use of these indices we find that returnees whether they have also

Through the use of these indices we find that

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about their employment prospects, impacting misinformed migration plans. Through the use of these indices, we find that returnees, whether they have also migrated internally or not, have a distinct advantage over other migrant types as regards requirements for level education, particularly in Somaliland. However, with respect to skills and languages, all migrant types perform similarly, with much higher proportions of youth meeting requirements in Puntland. By the time all requirements are taken into consideration, Puntland’s youth are twice as likely to meet them all as Somaliland’s. Internal migrants tend to overestimate the importance of decision factors more than any other type, and returnees tend to overestimate it the least. In these measures the systematically higher emphasis of these factors by public sector employers plays an important role.
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6 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration 24/Point Recommendation for Youth and Employment in Somaliland and Puntland POLICY LEVEL: Focusing on both today’s… and tomorrow’s realities 1. Mainstreaming migration and displacement in youth development policies and strategies 2. Developing specific labour needs assessments based on: 1) the actual needs of the labour market (supply side); 2) the objective capacity of youth and employees (demand side) 3. Promoting employment programmes focusing on skilled and unskilled jobs 4. Mixing traditional labour intensive sectors (agribusiness, fisheries) and innovative promising sectors (renewable energies, services in urban areas) 5. Promoting vertical integration in the agribusiness sector, with a progressive focus on activities generating more added value 6. Increasing efforts to regulate the education sector through two initiatives 7. Emphasizing the need to include youth in peace building efforts to donors and the government 8. Exploring opportunities in developing pilot Special Economic Zones (SEZs) in Somaliland and Puntland. EMPLOYMENT ENVIRONMENT: Favouring both national and… local levels 9. Promoting a national exchange between governmental institutions, educational actors, and public/private sector players to align youth’s skills on the reality of the market. 10. Tailoring support to more vulnerable youth groups (women, handicapped, pastoralist communities) 11. Fostering the interest of larger local and international employers in providing internships and practical trainings to youth 12. Exploring how labour intensive programmes can be designed to provide more stable and sustainable income generation for youth (especially in peri-urban and rural areas). 13. Encouraging the creation of entry and intermediate level jobs 14. Pursuing a coordinated approach towards job placements and internships 15. Supporting diaspora entrepreneurship and commitment to Somaliland and Puntland, 16. Aligning the curriculum to the market needs and connecting educators with employers 17. Improving the knowledge on industries and supply chains to support local markets PROGRAMMING INTERVENTIONS: From beneficiaries to doers and problem solvers 18. Developing recreational facilities/activities as integral part of Youth Policies and development
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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