Study gender in a processual flexible way gender

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Study gender in a processual & flexible way - gender fluid Goal: sexual harassment, reproductive rights, work place, equal rights, equal pay wages, carry on legacy of 2nd wave Women learning how to be a feminist while being “feminine” Postmodernism: A school of thought that involves subjectivity, relativism, and deconstruction. How postmodernist and essentialist notions of gender are different Postmodernism: A school of thought that involves subjectivity, relativism, and deconstruction. Gender is culturally determined Subjectivity - No absolute/objective truth that everyone can believe in (no such thing as truth) Cultural Relativism - need to see ideas from people in that culture Etic - objective, outsider's view Emic - subjective, insider’s view Deconstruction - Taking apart everything & seeing symbols attached to things (analyze & try to believe what you see) Essentialism: A school of thought that involves a notion of people possessing intrinsic (usually biological) characteristics. Things have a set of characteristics that make them what they are, men/women have intrinsically different characteristics Meaning of male/female as determined behavior Susan Faludi’s and Michael Kimmel’s broad explanations for why men and women are angry/frustrated about societal notions of gender and feminism (“backlash” and “aggrieved entitlement”) Economics affect how people understand opposite sex (breadwinner) Angry people point blame instead of trying to understand situation. Kimmel - Angry white men (why angry men are so angry) Thesis: Aggrieved entitlement. There’s a feeling of entitlement that’s driving the anger of white men. Explains that when people are angry they feel powerless, there could be a disconnect btw reality. Whether the men he’s studying are being discriminated against or not, they feel disempowered & feel it’s burden to be a white man in America. Importance of being a breadwinner Globalization & how hegemony & westernization is being looked at. Says in order to have this rage things were not on top anymore & there needs to be an expectation. Frustration is turned to rage because of media Not necessarily a new thing. There’s a trend towards hypermasculinity. Don’t blame women or minority, blame those trying to get ahead economically/those in power Faludi - Backlash (since 2nd wave feminism) Women aren’t frustrated bc they’re experiencing feminism, they’re miserable bc they’re free. Women’s movement hasn’t gone far enough. The backlash isn’t new they’re just resurfacing it. Nativist movements/anti-immigration
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Exam #1 - Study Guide The crisis of masculinity has to do w/ the breadwinner idea & keeps coming back again. It’s economically defined above anything else.
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