Copyright 2019 Wolters Kluwer All Rights Reserved Bone Functions Bone Functions

Copyright 2019 wolters kluwer all rights reserved

This preview shows page 17 - 28 out of 98 pages.

Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved Bone Functions Bone Functions Act as a framework for body Protect delicate structures Examples: brain and spinal cord Work as levers to produce movement Store calcium Produce blood cells
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Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved Bone Structure Bone Structure Learning Objectives 2. Describe the structure of a long bone. 3. Name the three different types of cells in bone, and describe the functions of each. 4. Differentiate between compact bone and spongy bone with respect to structure and location.
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Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved Long Bone Structure Long Bone Structure What are the membranes on the outside and the inside of a long bone called?
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Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved Bone Cells Bone Cells Osteoblasts build bone tissue. Osteocytes maintain bone tissue. Osteoclasts break down bone tissue (responsible for resorption).
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Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved Bone Tissue Bone Tissue What cells are located in the spaces of compact bone?
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Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved Checkpoints 7-1 What are the scientific names for the shaft and the ends of a long bone? 7-2 What compounds are deposited in the intercellular matrix of the embryonic skeleton to harden it? 7-3 What are the three types of cells found in bone, and what is the role of each? 7-4 What are the two types of osseous (bone) tissue, and where is each type found? Bones and Bone Tissue (Review) Bones and Bone Tissue (Review)
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Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved ? Bones and Bone Tissue (Review) (cont.) Bones and Bone Tissue (Review) (cont.) Pop Quiz 7.1 Which protein makes up a major component of the bone matrix? A.KeratinB.CollagenC.MelaninD.Calcium
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Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved ? Bones and Bone Tissue (Review) (cont.) Bones and Bone Tissue (Review) (cont.) Pop Quiz Answer 7.1 Which protein makes up a major component of the bone matrix?
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Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved Bone Formation and Growth Bone Formation and Growth Learning Objectives 5. Explain how a long bone grows.
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Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved Bone Formation and Maintenance Bone Formation and Maintenance Bones begin as cartilage (long bones) or fibrous membranes (flat bones). Osteoclast-like cells remove cartilage (long bones). Ossification : osteoblasts replace cartilage or fibrous membrane with bone tissue Osteoblasts trapped in bone tissue become osteocytes. Osteoclasts and osteoblasts renew bone tissue throughout life.
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Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved Long Bone Growth Long Bone Growth New cartilage grows at epiphyseal plates.
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