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Desired range of validity coefficients is about 0.30-0.40oHigher correlation = more we know about criterion based on the predictorContent validityoDegree to which tests or test items cover a representative sample of the content that they are supposed to measureoAssessed by Subject Matter Experts (SMEs)Face validityoAppearance that items in a test are appropriate for the intended use of the test, based on the judgments of individuals who take the testoRelated to test-taking motivation, decreased chance of law suits, perceptions of fairnessEthical issues in researchoCode of ethics by American Psychological AssociationoCode of ethics created tooProtect rights of participantsoAvoid unqualified people conducting researchoEthics should be considered whenoPlanning researchCapable and competentFamiliar with guidelinesSound studyEthical acceptabilityoRecruiting participantsUniversity participant poolVolunteersDiener & Crandall (1978)oConducting researchRight to informed consentRight to privacyRight to confidentialityRight to protection from deceptionRight to debriefingResearch in the workplaceoRynes et al. (2002)
oAsked HR professionals these and other questionsoFound some discrepancies between research findings and practitioners’ beliefsoIn particular, practitioners placed little faith in intelligence and personality testsoPerspective of Richard Hansen, HR professionaloOrganizations often fail to adopt practices that research has deemed effectiveoPotential reasonsoAwarenessoComplexityoImportanceoImplementationoHow can the use of I/O psychology research be increased in organizations?oResearch in organizationsoCollaboration between researchers and practitionersEthics in the workplaceoMultiple and conflicting rolesoSimply part of the joboResponsibility to follow ethicsLecture 4Conceptual vs. Actual CriteriaoCriteria: standards used to help make evaluative judgments about objects, people, or eventsoConceptual criteriaoTheoretical standard that researchers seek to understand through their researchoIdeal set of factors that constitute successoAbstract idea, never actually measuredoActual criteriaoOperational or actual standards that researchers measure or assessoServe as measures of the conceptual criteriaoGoal is to obtain an estimate of the conceptual criterion by selecting actual criteria that we think are appropriateCriterion relevance, deficiency, and contaminationoCriterion relationshipoActual criteria are never totally equivalent to conceptual criteriaoThere is alwaysRelevanceDeficiencyContaminationo