In its amended decision the ca found dolot and

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In its Amended Decision, the CA found Dolot and Tañada guilty of dishonesty but considered the penalty of dismissal from service too harsh, hence, it imposed a penalty of six (6) months suspension without pay instead. Section 52, Rule IV of the Uniform Rules on Administrative Cases in the Civil Service classifies dishonesty as a grave offense punishable with dismissal from the service even for the first offense. Moreover, dismissal from service carries administrative disabilities specified under Section 54 of the Uniform Rules such as cancellation of eligibility, forfeiture of retirement benefits, and the perpetual disqualification for reemployment in the government service, unless otherwise provided in the decision. When an individual is found guilty of dishonesty, the corresponding penalty is dismissal from employment or service. The underlying reason for this is because when a public official or government employee is disciplined, the object sought is not the punishment of such officer or employee but the improvement of the public service and the preservation of the public’s faith and confidence in the government. A finding of dishonesty necessarily carries with it the penalty of dismissal from the office he is holding or serving. The Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees30 lays down the state policy to promote a high standard of ethics in public service, and enjoins public officials and employees to discharge their duties with utmost responsibility, integrity and competence. Section 4 of the Code lays down the norms of conduct which every public official and employee shall observe in the discharge and execution of their official duties, specifically providing that they shall at all times respect the rights of others, and refrain from doing acts contrary to law, good morals, good customs, public policy, public order, and public interest. It is the bounden duty of public officials and government employees to remain true to the people at all times. As public officials, Dolot and Tañada are expected to exhibit the highest degree of dedication in deference to their foremost duty of accountability to the people. No less than the Constitution sanctifies the principle that public office is a public trust, and enjoins all public officers and employees to serve with the highest degree of responsibility, integrity, loyalty, and efficiency. Doubtless, Dolot and Tañada committed infractions of such a grave nature justifying sanctions of commensurate
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POLITICAL LAW CASE DIGESTS 67 degree. To allow them to remain as accountable public officers, despite their questionable acts, would be rewarding them for their misdeed. As to the other respondents, the Court affirms the dismissal of the complaint against them for lack of evidence proving, even in the slightest degree, that they had a direct hand in the mishandling of the tenement's patubig project. They merely signed the resolution approving the MOA in their capacities as barangay kagawads, a laudable remedy to alleviate the plight of the members of the Punta Tenement.
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