which is defined by state practice laws. The APN is a medical professional who has a post graduate degree. There are four different specialties that an APN may choose : ; a certified nurse anesthetist (CRNA), a certified midwife (CNM), a clinical nurse specialist (CNS) and a certified nurse practitioner (CNP). Each of the APNs specialize s in the care of a specific population (Barbarito, 2016). The CRNA is trained to administer anesthesia in many different environments. The CNS works with disease management and risk behaviors among patients, families and their communities. The CNS integrates care among nurses, patients and the health care system (Barbarito, 2016). The CNM provides services to women which include family planning and gynecological, preconception, postpartum and childbirth care as well as care of the newborn. Reproductive health and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases are also covered. ADVANCED PRACTICE NURSE PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN 3 CNPs (NPs) are the most well-known APNs. They diagnose, order, conduct, supervise and interpret laboratory tests and are able to prescribe pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment for the management of acute and chronic diseases. NPs may practice in collaboration with other health care provider s and in some states NPs can practice and prescribe independently (Barbarito, 2016). APNs begin their training in nursing school where they learn how to assess patients, interpret laboratory results and evaluate medications for patients in a variety of health care settings (Babarito, 2016). APNs continue their nursing education by completing a graduate program in nursing and passing both a state board exam and a national certification exam in order to practice as an APN.APN Professional Development Plan An advanced practice nurse (APN) are nurses who have a master’s, post master’s or doctoral degree in a nursing specialty and, depending on the state, can practice medicine without the supervision of a physician. APNs assess, diagnose, treat, prescribe, transcribe results, educate and manage illness (Scope of practice for nurse practitioners, 2015). The role of the advanced practice nurse (APN) is advancing globally and opportunities are consistently expanding. The global goal for the APN is the right to diagnose, prescribe medication, prescribe treatments, the ability torefer to other professionals, and admit to hospitals (Kleinpell et al., 2014). The additional education that APNs obtain helps to provide the necessary knowledge and clinical competence to provide the proper care in various settings (Scope of practice for nurse practitioners, 2015). APN Scope of Practice - State of Michigan A scope of practice defines the who, what, where, when, how and why of nursing practice. It outlines regulations and gives guidance to ensure professionalism and ethics. In Michigan, APNs do not have their own act. The scope of practice for APNs are consolidated under one health act, along with 25 other health occupations. The scope of practice for APNs varies from state to state. Michigan is considered a restricted state. The American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) defines a
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- Fall '15
- Nursing, Advanced practice nurse, Registered nurse, APNs