1950s Poor Downtown Kingston Sound systems Replaced musicians Jazz Clement

1950s poor downtown kingston sound systems replaced

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1950s: Poor Downtown Kingston Sound systems Replaced musicians Jazz Clement Coxsone/Duke Reid In competition for best sound systems Imitated Rhythm n Blues in Jamaican versions Ska Carolina First rasta song Reggae Developed from Kalipso Sound systems were exchanged with recording studios Studio One was biggest By Coxsone First jamaica studio owned by a black man The Wailers One of Coxsone's first signees The Skatalites Most famous Ska artists Most talented Ska artists moved to London to make money Started their own clubs Millie Small “My Boy Lollipop” Hit Ska record in England Rude Boys Gangsters that people loved in the club One had song made for him Reggae First iteration in 1950s Different drums from Ska Different bass patterns Heavier bass
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England was the gateway for Reggae Large Caribbean community Skinheads (like reggae and protected blacks at the time) White poeple(England), Black People (Jamaica) Both poor Ska → Rocksteady → Roots Reggae Ska Celebratory music reflecting freedom that is soon to come Decolonization music Early 1950s to late 1960s Rocksteady Music slows down Reflection on poverty and politics Money spread amongst rich and not trickling down to poor Music has more lyrics Boy meets girl Reflecting on independence What does independence mean Roots Reggae Protest Resistance music Music slows down more Lyrics go from boy meets girl to resistance Lasted 18 months Jimmy Cliff First superstar Bob Marley Roots Rock Reggae Dominated popular music for a decade Notes 10/2 Bob Marley Documentary Reggae was very popular in the UK in the 60s/70s Dub Instrumentals People would sing over in the streets DJs Sing over dub instrumentals
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Passed onto hip hop Artists from the country would move to Downtown Kingston
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  • Fall '16
  • David Hinds

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