4 major characteristics decline of small traditional

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4 Major Characteristics: Decline of small, traditional towns Expansion of personal choice Individualization Increasing diversity in beliefs Modernization leads to more scientific world view Future orientation and growing awareness of time Migration: Migration: movement of people in and out of a specified territory Voluntary migration Economic push and pull factors Involuntary migration Forced migration due to war or other social conflicts Immigration: Movement into a territory Emigration: Movement out of a territory Rates of Migration: In-Migration Rate: number entering for every 1,000 people
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Out-Migration Rate: number leaving for every 1,000 people Net-Migration Rate: Difference between in and out migration numbers Growth in U.S. Cities: Colonial Settlement (1624 - 1800) Capitalisms impact upon small villages ensured transformation Urban Expansion (1800 - 1860) Towns along transportation routes Great Metropolis (1860 - 1950) Impact of civil war Increase in factories One-fifth of the population lived in cities Urban Decentralization (1950 - present) Desertion of downtown areas 62.7% live in cities and suburbs Megacity: surrounding suburbs and city combine to become one super large city Suburbs and Decentralization: Urban areas beyond political boundaries of a city Urban renewal efforts GENTRIFICATION Megalopolis:
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