The corinthian ones in the courtyard not hellenistic

This preview shows page 4 - 7 out of 9 pages.

the Corinthian ones in the courtyard (not Hellenistic but new) o Becomes imp for mihrabs in north Africa and spain (diff from one in  Damascus which had quranic verses; n Africa one has no marble  inlaids and more subdues, less bright except vegetal work on top) o 711-718 caliphate in Damascus starting to crumble, but umayyad kept  sending people west (720-750) to establish their presence in  Mediterranean (even launched campaigns into italy), umayyads in  power but Abbasids rising o 8 th  century: umayyads: landed in Iberian peninsula; brought it under  control except for the north  o moserabique style : western visgothic traits and islam MIXED style o 756 abbasids took over, umayyads went west until around 1000 o 777  invasion of spain by Charlemagne, checked by muslims,  unsuccessful (battle of Saragossa) fight for Christian knights, made it  to Barcelona (why 9 th -10 th -12 th  century remains under muslims); spurs  crusades o 800  charlemagne- holy roman emperor crowned by pope in rome (role  as both political/earthly leader of Europe and spiritual leader), king of  franks;  sees himself as new Constantine (renovatio) HRE>pope
Image of page 4

Subscribe to view the full document.

o 810  byzantine and Frankish forces sign peace treaty, Venice under  control of Byzantium? New religion enclosing on west  new tensions  crusades Carolingian design—exploiting ancient roman forms for political reasons o Monastic gatehouse, Lorsch: marks entry point to monastery Charlemagne   unified  (france, germany, n italy)  liturgy and  Christian monastic communities; all now had gatehouse  modeled after roman monumental arch  (arch of Constantine,  mark victories for emperor);   visually stating for Charlemagne  that his victory over the rest of Europe, making his mark,  visually connecting with monumental structures that really have  no purpose Classical language of victories of emperors Gigantic pinecone…he brought stuff from roman back to his  palace in Aachen or had copies made (collected relics like  Constantine)  Charlemagne’s palace—plan of san vitale in Ravenna after anastasis of  rotunda in Jerusalem;  visual claims of his rightful place as holy roman  emperor but also in relationship to Ravenna, his authority over  byzantine ravennite church o Area south of Venice, controlled by byzantines, Charlemagne has  control over coast of italy and Mediterranean coast o Reuse espolia of san vitale for his own church;  continuity of past but  also establishing himself as the new emperor   Aux la Chapelle —espolia brought, columnsin germany not good enough,  had to steal them from roman and byz imp structures
Image of page 5
Image of page 6

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 7
  • Fall '12
  • ChristopherLakey
  • Great Mosque, Damascus, Samarra

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Get FREE access by uploading your study materials

Upload your study materials now and get free access to over 25 million documents.

Upload now for FREE access Or pay now for instant access
Christopher Reinemann
"Before using Course Hero my grade was at 78%. By the end of the semester my grade was at 90%. I could not have done it without all the class material I found."
— Christopher R., University of Rhode Island '15, Course Hero Intern

Ask a question for free

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern