1833 south carolina nullified it refused to collect

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1833: South Carolina nullified it, refused to collect revenues from the tariff; Threatened to secede from the Union if tariff was not repealed.Jackson considered South Carolina’s action as treasonous
Jackson convinced Congress to pass the Force Bill.Force Bill: revenues from the tariff would be collected in South Carolina, at gunpoint if necessary.Henry Clay negotiated a compromise that ended the threat of violence and potential civil war.Nullification Crisis was most serious threat to national unity before the Civil War.The Nullification Crisis highlighted the increasing political loyalty along regional lines in the United States.Also, it brought to the forefront ambiguities in the Constitution: What was the correct balance between the rights of states and the authority of the federal government?Persistence of this constitutional ambiguity would be the cause of the American Civil War.iii.Indian Removal ActJackson a supporter of American western expansion.Advocated the forcible removal of Indians to open up western land for settlement.Jackson considered Native Americans to be inferior.when young, gained notoriety for being an Indian fighter.Nickname: “Old Hickory” (tough and rugged individual).In 1830, Jackson persuaded Congress to pass the IRA.Allocated funds to the federal government to relocate – by force, if necessary – southern Native American tribes.Five southern tribes targeted: Cherokees; Chickasaws; Choctaws; Creeks; and Seminoles.Throughout 1830’s, southern native tribes were forcibly removed from their territory.Seminoles in Florida, however, resisted relocation efforts.Seminoles remained in Florida, but their territory was severely reduced.1.Trail of Tears1838: Trail of Tears Removal of 16,000 Cherokees;Forced to march, at gunpoint, from Georgia to designated Indian territory (Oklahoma); About 25% (4,000) Cherokees died.f.Whig PartyJackson’s exercise of executive authority created many political opponents.Political opponents of Jackson created the Whig party.Whigs: Viewed themselves as defenders of the Constitution and liberties against executive power.Considered themselves the heirs to the Federalist party.Supported a strong national government in the economy (e.g., the American System)Support resided in Northern states among developing American manufactures, merchants, and industries.For presidential election of 1840, Whig party nominated William Henry Harrison for president.Harrison a war hero: defeated Tecumseh’s Native American resistance in 1811.Whigs used the democratic culture to promote Harrison and attack the democratic candidate, President Van Buren.Van Buren Secretary of State under Jackson.Elected president in 1836.i.Opposed to “King Andrew”ii.Presidents William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, and Zachary TaylorHarrison handily won the 1840 election.

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