● They find out that it has very few prisoners in it, but the symbolism is powerful. 1. calling the Estates General 2. the “oath of the tennis court” and the National Assembly ● Oath of the Tennis Court begin where they say will not adjourn until they have a written constitution. ● Stop calling themselves the third estate. Start calling themselves the national assembly. 3. the “Great Fear” and the Assembly’s response o Peasants who are afraid of the nobility actually chase the nobility off of their estates. ● The leaders of the National Assembly are actually upper-middle class who just want social order. ● Come up with Rights of Man and Citizen ● "Liberty is anything that doesn't harm others" ● Free to work ● Free to accumulate wealth ● Still only male ● 1791 (first phase of the revolution) C. from moderate to radical revolution, 1790-94 o Civil constitution of clergy - siezed church land. ● Debate over who picks the bishop and who pays them. ● The nobility at this point are prisoners. 1. Foreign threats 2. Internal dissent ● Bread prices get so high that the women of Paris, kidnap king and queen and take them to Louis XIV's palace and guard them. ● Warned that if they harm the nobility, they could be at war with Prussia and Austria. 3. the radicalism of the French revolutionaries a. Burke on the dangers of radicalism ● Neighbors pre-emptively fought them. ● Frederick the Great wouldn't like this because Enlightenment idea equates to trying to get liberty and that's what the Third Party was trying to do. ● France does really poorly at first because the generals all 'jumped ship'. ● 1792 revolutionaries issued Levee en Masse which is "signing up for the National Guard" (the new national army). ● Everyone will have a part to play ● Nation is much stronger than kingdom ● France has a large population and now they are mobilizing almost everyone to fight in the war against Prussia. ● Province in Vonde ● There are still French Royalists ● French revolutionaries try to do more than shift the government at this point. ● There was a point when everyone had different systems of measurement. ● Redid system of measurements
● Redid calendar in a base 10 calendar. 12, 30 years months. ● Year 1 of this calendar is the year that they adopted constitution ● Tried to de-christianize France; tried to replace them with cult of supreme being ● Burke: ● Wrote Reflections on the Revolutions in France ● Governments is a sacred trust ● You owe it to your descendants to make a system that works ● You also don't need to sweep it under the rug if it doesn't completely work ● Creator of today's conservative platform ● Thinks that the revolutionaries shouldn't have liberty because they are dirty common people.
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