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Still 40% of blacks live in povertyPostwar Liberalism and a Change in Government1.The Truman DeadlockA.In 1945, FDR dies and WWII is coming to a close1.Truman assumes the presidency after FDR’s deathB.Republicans win big in Congress and take control of Congress in 1947-19481.Have a Democratic president and a Republican Congress2.Republicans Congress creates a two term limit 22nd amendmentto the constitution3.Taft-Hartley Acta.Go after organized labor with the b.Gives state the ability to pass right to work law to prevent people from being forced into joining labor unions4.Republicans do not have enough support to block or stop New Dealprograms thoughC.Truman is re-elected because of the Democratic Coalition of FDR’s time1.Tries to expand the New Deal but is blocked by the Republican Congress2.Mostly a deadlock with no new legislation at this timeD.Every time Truman tries to expand new programs, he is stopped by Republicans1.However, when Truman tries to expand existing programs (such as social security), he is successfula.Also able to raise the minimum wage, put more money into federal housing funds2.Eisenhower’s Expansion Despite OppositionA.Conservative Republican who wins the presidential election in 19521.Opposes expansion but he has no support for rolling back the New Deala.Wanted to sell the TVA not going to happenB.Expansions happens anyway, despite his opposition1.Expands social security to cover disabled people as well2.Federal Aid to Educationa.Mostly for college studentsb.Caused by the Soviets’ putting Sputnik into orbit in 1959i.American government cannot do this yet so Eisenhower increases funding for math and science education to help in the space race
ii.Space race seen as a vital indicator of the progress ofCold Wariii.Democrats support this federal funding because country is in recession and they want to support the economy using Keynesian economics (spend during recession)3.Overall, American reaction to expansion involving Keynesian economics and the New Deal programs is positive, showing that the public thinks the New Deal is a good idea overall3.Kennedy and Johnson – The Great Society and Major ChangesA. Overview1.Kennedy assassinated by Oswald in 1963 in Dallas, TXa.Seen as one of the great presidents by most Americans but he did not do much domestically – Johnson does much ore 2.Johnson even though he does a lot for the country at home, he is seen negatively because of the Vietnam Wara.Was Kennedy’s vice president who takes office in1963 after Kennedy’s deathb.He demanded things from everyone, could talk anyone into anything, and he loved powerc.Knew how to count votes in Congress and how to push legislation throughd.Believes in the Cold War and it is the reason he involves us in Vietnam, which eventually destroys hime.His slogan for his reform package is “The Great Society”B.Basic Characteristics of Postwar Liberalism and the Programs they Involved 1.Foreign Policy and Cold War Containment a.Adamant about the continuation of containmenti.