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11. AAsk It Like It Is: Circle endorphins.What do they do? Answer BeforeYou Answer: Make you feel good. Now use POE to find an answer thatis close to yours. If you don’t remember what endorphins do, POE willget rid of (D) and (E) because of the extreme language.
12. EAsk It Like It Is: Nell doesn’t want to get in trouble like her brother did,so she won’t throw her stuffed animal in the toilet. What is this called?Answer Before You Answer: Nell is learning by watching her brother’sexperience (vicariously through her brother). This is called vicariousconditioning. If you are unsure, use POE. Would (A) prepared learningmean learning from watching her brother’s experience? No, it impliesmore direct learning. Cross it off. Would (B) tutelagemean learningfrom watching her brother’s experience? No. Would (C) scheduledreinforcementmean learning from watching her brother’s experience?No, that is not taking place here. Would (D) shapingmean learning fromwatching her brother’s experience? Again, shaping is more direct.Would (E) vicarious conditioningmean learning from watching herbrother’s experience? Yup.13. BAsk It Like It Is: Jeopardy!requires which type of intelligence? AnswerBefore You Answer: Crystallized intelligence—knowledge of facts. Ifyou are unsure, use POE. Does (A) IQmean knowledge of facts andtrivia? No, it is a score on a very specific test. Don’t confuse IQ withintelligence. Does (B) crystallized intelligencemean knowledge offacts and trivia? It sounds good. Keep it and check the others. Does (C)fluid intelligencemean knowledge of facts and trivia? No, it involvesthinking and problem-solving skills. Does (D) general intelligencemean knowledge of facts and trivia? It might. Keep it. Does (E) multipleintelligencemean knowledge of facts and trivia? No, it involves atheory of various intelligences. (B) crystallized intelligenceis moreclearly associated with factual knowledge than (D) generalintelligence.14. AAsk It Like It Is: Circle true of memory recall. Answer Before YouAnswer: Not sure what they want, so evaluate each answer based onwhat you know of memory. (A) sounds logical and is also true—peoplerecall information that is in keeping with their personal schemas. (B) iswrong because of “working” memory. Is (C) true? No, so cross it off.Same goes for (E). And (D) doesn’t sound true either. It must be (A).15. CAsk It Like It Is: What do objects that absorb light look like? AnswerBefore You Answer: Dark. Dark objects absorb light while brightobjects reflect light. Beware of (A) black. The question does notsay“objects that absorb all color.”
16. CAsk It Like it Is: Chantal is trying to push off her unwanted negativequalities onto her mother so that the qualities are less threatening. This iscalled…Answer Before You Answer: Projection. Use POE to get rid of(A) repressionbecause that would mean that Chantal were trying topush these unwanted feelings back into her unconscious mind.