The said order of battler ob list they become easy

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the said Order of Battler (OB List), they become easy targets of unexplained disappearances of extralegal killings a real threat to their life, liberty and security. In fine, petitioners were one in asserting that the OB List is really a military hit-list as allegedly shown by the fact that there have already been three victims of extrajudicial killing whose violent deaths can be linked directly to the OB List, to wit: Celso B. Pojas, who was assassinated in May 2008 purportedly because he was Secretary General of the Kilusang Magbubukid sa Pilipinas (KMP), which organizations were identified as communist fronts in the subject OB List; Lodenio S. Monzon, who was a victim of a shooting incident in April 200916 due to his supposed connection to the known activist party-list group Bayan Muna as Coordinator in the Municipality of Boston, Davao Oriental; and Dr. Rogelio Penera, who was shot to death on June 2009 allegedly because he was a member of RX Against Erap (RAGE), a sectoral group is also identified in the OB List. Respondents denied authorship of the document being adverted to and distributed by Representative Ocampo to the media. They claimed that petitioners miserably failed to show, by substantial evidence, that they were responsible for the alleged threats perceived by petitioners. Instead, they asserted that petitioners’ allegations are based solely on hearsay, speculation, beliefs, impression and feelings, which are insufficient to warrant the issuance of the writ and, ultimately, the grant of the privilege of the writ of amparo. We deny the petitions.
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POLITICAL LAW CASE DIGESTS 78 The writ of amparo was promulgated by the Court pursuant to its rulemaking powers in response to the alarming rise in the number of cases of enforced disappearances and extrajudicial killings. It plays the preventive role of breaking the expectation of impunity in the commission of extralegal killings and enforced disappearances, as well as the curative role of facilitating the subsequent punishment of the perpetrators In Tapuz v. Del Rosario (G.R. No. 182484, June 17, 2008, 554 SCRA768,784), the Court has previously held that the writ of amparo is an extraordinary remedy intended to address violations of, or threats to, the rights of life, liberty or security and that, being a remedy of extraordinary character, it is not one to issue on amorphous or uncertain grounds but only upon the reasonable certainty. The sole and common issue presented in these petitions is whether the totality of evidence satisfies the degree of proof required under the Amparo Rule which is substantial evidence. Substantial evidence is that amount of relevant evidence which a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion. It is more than a mere imputation of wrongdoing or violation that would warrant a finding of liability against the person charged. The summary nature of amparo proceedings, as well as, the use of substantial evidence as standard of proof shows the intent of the framers of the rule to address situations
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