1.Immediately after being reinforced, a rat on which schedule of reinforcement would show the LONGEST pause before its next response? a.fixed ratiob.variable ratioc.fixed intervald.variable intervalANS:CPTS:1REF:6.2 Operant ConditioningDIF:Apply12 2.Tessa really likes to mow the lawn during the summer months, but her parents will only let her mow the lawn if all the dishes are washed. Consequently, every Saturday, Tessa has the table cleared and all of the dishes washed as soon as everyone has finished breakfast. In this case, 12 3.When Skyler was first training his dog, Smooches, to heel he would give Smooches a treat when she stayed close during walks. Now Smooches stays right by Skyler’s side, even when she is not on her leash. In this case, 12 4.Every time Brianna does the dishes, her parents give her a dollar. What type of reinforcement are Brianna’s parents using? 145.Negative reinforcement involves a.the presentation of a pleasant stimulus.b.the presentation of an unpleasant stimulus. c. the removal of a pleasant stimulus. 228
d.the removal of an unpleasant stimulus.ANS:DPTS:1NOTES:Correct = 61%REF:6.2 Operant ConditioningDIF:UnderstandANS:DPTS:1NOTES:Correct = 68%REF:6.2 Operant ConditioningDIF:ApplyANS:APTS:1REF:6.2 Operant ConditioningDIF:Apply125.Your teenage daughter has not cleaned her room in a month. You go in and begin yelling at her to clean her room. She begins to clean up, and you stop yelling. Your daughter’s cleaning behavior can be viewed as responding toa.classical conditioning.b.positive reinforcement.c.punishers.d.negative reinforcement.126.Nancy has a headache; she takes some aspirin, and the headache goes away. Nancy is more likely to take aspirin again. This is an example ofa.negative reinforcement.b.classical conditioning.c.positive reinforcement.d.punishers.127.
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