an act of assault battery intimidation or abuse by one intimate partner against

An act of assault battery intimidation or abuse by

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- an act of assault, battery, intimidation, or abuse by one intimate partner against another (physical attacks, emotional abuse, enforced social isolation, and economic deprivation), ¼ women experience this Falling Back- can fall back as either a productive member of society or as a criminal Felonies- serious offense (1+ years in state prison) Feminist Theories- how society’s expectations regarding gendered behavior influence the ways we view women as victims and offenders (weak, sympathetic, less aggressive, etc.)Fraud- theft by deception or false pretense (involves lying or manipulating info in a way that provides offenders with money to which they’re not legitimately entitled General Deterrence- prevents people from committing acts bc they’re aware of the negative consequences; public must be aware of consequencesHate Crime- any crime motivated in whole or in part by bias against the victim’s perceived race, religion, ethnicity, or sexual orientation; rarely invol murderInterpersonal Violence- Labeling Theory- behavior detected & labeledothers respond 2 expectations/label, behavior/deviant act, creation of new identity, acceptance label, deviance amplificationLife-course theory-approach that sees crime as a dynamic process which evolves over the course of an individuals life, rather than as a static trait or outcome that can be understood as the result of individual risk factors criminally based; finally desisting crimeMacro Level- societal level explanation that examines crime as a social phenomenon in a larger society from societal point of view; crime rates/trendsMicro Level- individual level explanation that examines what social factors & circumstances influence criminal behavior/victims Misdemeanor- minor offenses, (less than 1 year in county jail) National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)- crimes don’t have to be reported; detailed info; answers how & why; through interviews; street crimes; subpopulations, household crimes, reporting rates; cons- can’t specify area, underestimates crime, reliability, over counting, accuracy, limited sample (12+)NeoClassical Theories- deterrence, rational choice, routine activities Negativity Bias- focusing on the negative acts instead of the positives even when the positive acts outweigh the negatives; labeling theorynever escape negative labelNorms- social standards of behaviors; or expectations about behavior in certain situations Official Statistics- primary sources of crime information in the U.S (reported to 3rdparty)Organized Crime- group(s) of individuals who have come together for the purpose of various kinds of criminal activities Over-representation-African Americans and males are overrepresented in the imprisoned population Patriarchy- males have more power simply because they’re males Political Crime- involve government in some way (offenders: war crimes) (victims: terrorism) Racketeering- organized crime groups run illegal businesses (rackets), organized crime ring uses legitimate organizations to embezzle funds; devastating consequencesRape Myth
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  • Spring '11

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