Problems validity of observations when patient is

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Problems: Validity of observations when patient is from another culture. Reactivity knowledge or awareness of being observed affects person's behavior.
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Interviews: Most commonly used technique of assessment in clinical psychology. Affected by professional discipline and theoretical orientation: Psychoanalysts emphasize early childhood experiences but Cognitive Behaviorists emphasize current thinking processes. Standardization: degree of structure determined by the relative presence (structured) or absence of specific data and information procedures (e.g., questions, probes) that must be followed. Errors: (a) working relationship - information exchange blocked if relationship problematic, (b) faulty information from interviewee, (c) faulty interpretation from interviewer due to theoretical, professional, or cultural orientation.
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Psychological tests and inventories Projective personality tests: Ambiguous stimulus such that person projects personal motives, needs, and conflicts into stimulus. Rorschach technique (inkblots): Personality dispositions, conflicts, and needs.
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Thematic Apperception Test (pictures): Interpersonal conflicts and needs.
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Sentence-completion test: Relationship themes and conflicts. 74. I feel happiest when 75. She boiled up when 76. When my mother came home, I 77. When they told her what to do, she 78. After a year of marriage, she 79. Her greatest worry was 80. When she was spanked by her father, she 81. Most women act as though 82. When I feel others don't like me 83. More than anything else, she needed 84. Most people are 85. When her turn came to speak, she 86. I could lose my temper if
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