1965 president johnson sent the first us combat

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1965 President Johnson sent the first US combat troopsTet OffensiveJanuary 30, 1968 – Vietcong initially seized control of many South Vietnamese major cities, however the US and South Vietnamese pushed them out. This was the turning point in the war as it showed US leaders and the public that the war wasfar from over which made the public support for the war decline dramaticallyNixoncontinues the war – Richard Nixon wins 1968 Presidential election
oPolicy of “Vietnamization” – South Vietnamese assumed brunt of fighting; Nixongradually withdrew American troops and ended the draft. He also increased bombing missions over North Vietnam.National Security Adviser Henry Kissingercontinued secret negotiations with North Vietnamese in ParisJuly 1973, he concluded the Paris Peace Accords; cease fire agreement with North Vietnam based on US troop withdrawal from VietnamApril 1975 Cambodia and South Vietnam fell to communist NorthHomefront during Vietnam War;oDoves– wanted US to withdraw from waroHawks believed it was important to stop the spread of communismoFirst televised war brought the savage brutality into most Americans’ living roomsoUS Leaders tried to twist the facts for positive public opinion however the mediawas able to show facts that contradicted the leaders.oBaby boomers were in their twenties and they were different than their parents’generation – they questioned the old wars, objected to bureaucracy and the life style of corporate America – they used recreational drugs. There were lots of war protests all over the country. Especially on college campuses.Richard M. Nixon- 37th President of the United Statesfrom 1969 until his resignation in 1974, making him the only U.S. presidentto resign from office.- running mateof Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Republican Party presidential nominee in the 1952 election-ended American involvement in the war in Vietnamin 1973Was very important in foreign affairs- First US president ever to visit communist China and the Soviet Union(1972)Watergate- five men were caught breaking into Democratic party headquarters at the Watergate complexin Washington, D.C. on June 17, 1972. The Washington Postpicked up on the story; reporters Carl Bernsteinand Bob Woodwardrelied on an informant known as "Deep Throat"—later revealed to be Mark Felt, associate director at the FBI—to link the men to the Nixon administration.Nixon resigned the presidency on August 9, 1974Consequences of the war:oApproximately 1.3 million Vietnamese killedo58,000 Americans killedoKhmer Rouge: Cambodian communists killed between 2 & 4 million CambodiansIV.The Changing Status of WomenWomen’s liberation movement – focused on achieving economic and social equality between men and womenBetty Friedanwrote The Feminine Mystique – the “mystique” was that women always found happiness as housewives and mothers rather than in careers
1966Friedan and others formed National Organization for Women (NOW) Equal opportunity in Education Act (1972) – Title IX– prohibited universities and schools

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