E women were still campaigning for the right to vote

This preview shows page 4 - 6 out of 11 pages.

e. Women were still campaigning for the right to vote in states and in federal elections during the Progressive era, so using the settlement house and women’s clubs as launching pads to obtain political office would have been a premature political step. Question 6 a. The state laws passed in the wake of the tragic 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Company in New York City addressed a broader scope of workplace health
Image of page 4

Subscribe to view the full document.

and safety issues than merely requiring fire escapes for businesses employing more than ten people. These new state laws established broader safety and health standards and enforced mechanisms for sweatshop workplaces by regulating the maximum hours and minimum health and safety conditions of sweatshop labor. b. Organized labor successfully opposed laws prohibiting women from working in the needle trades because unions viewed these women as skilled workers who could be unionized. Business owners also successfully opposed this proposed prohibition on women working in the needle trades because these women, mostly immigrants, were a key source of cheap labor for their clothing sweatshops. c. Correct answer. Following the Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire in 1911 in New York City, many state legislatures across the country passed stronger laws regulating the maximum hours and minimum health and safety conditions of sweatshop conditions. In addition, by 1917, thirty states had enacted workers’ compensation laws, guaranteeing insurance benefits to workers injured in industrial accidents. d. State laws enabling municipalities to regulate buildings and land use through zoning were prompted by the encroachment of high density office and apartment skyscrapers on residential neighborhoods during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and not by industrial accidents, such as the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire in New York City. e. The Triangle Shirtwaist Fire of 1911 did not prompt states, or the federal government for that matter, to pass laws guaranteeing the legal right of unions to organize and bargain collectively, a legal prerequisite for unions securing the right to raise safety concerns in the workplace. Unions did not acquire organizing and collective bargaining rights until the passage of the federal National (Wagner) Labor Relations Act of 1935. Question 7 a. Correct answer. In Lochner v. New York (1905), the U.S. Supreme Court invalidated a New York state law establishing a ten hour day for bakers. The holding in Lochner represented a short-term setback for the efforts of progressives and labor advocates to institute maximum hour state laws for workers. The Court overruled its holding in Lochner in 1917, when it upheld a similar ten-hour Oregon maximum hours working law for all factory workers. b. The holding in Lochner , overturning a New York state law establishing a ten- hour day for bakers, represented a successful legal effort by the business community to use the courts to overturn the legislative successes of progressives and labor advocates to achieve social reform.
Image of page 5
Image of page 6
You've reached the end of this preview.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern