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Measles (Rubeola) 10day measles,Viral,Scarlet fever, scaralatina-bacterial-cause strep throat- sandpaper textured pink rash with sore throat strawberry tongueImpetigo: Acute superficial skin infection, gram +, bacteria, strep pyogenes (beta strep) contagious, puritic, bullous or non bullous. Tx;Kelfex (cephalexin)Dicloxacillin, Azithromycin if PCN allergy, honey colored crustedFifth disease- (Erthema Infectiosum) Parvovirus B19, stages of rash,slap cheek syndrome, erythema infection, A common and highly contagious childhood ailment causing a distinctive cheek rash, blanches, spreads to arms legs and trunk.Roseola infantum- Sixth disease, viral infection, young children, high fever rash,TX bedrest, fluids, TylenolKawasaki disease- high fever enlarged lymph nodes red rash in groin area, conjunctivitis, dry cracked lips, strawberry tongue, swollen hands/feet, skin peels form hands/feet, TX high dose aspirin, gamma globulinHand foot mouth disease- (under age 10)Coxsackie virus,direct contact, with nasal discharge, saliva, blister fluid, or stool, most contagious for first week, fever, severe sore throat, headache anorexia, blisters on the hands and feet, diaper area, ulcers mouth throat tonsils and tongue, pain with acidic foods,The main manifestations are fever, lymphadenopathy, followed by the appearance of2–8-mm painful oval, gray vesicles on the palmar and plantar skin, buccal mucosa and tongue after 1–2 days. The vesicles are often arranged parallel to the dermatoglyphs, and may have a surrounding red halo. Papular and vesicular lesions can also occur on other parts of the body, and the buttocks may often
exhibit a nonspecific eruption prior to the onset of the vesicular exanthem. TX symptomatic treatment ibuprofen or Tylenol saltwater gargle, cold fluidsMononucleosis (Epstein-Barr) Human herpes virus 4, posterior cervical lymphnodes,Exantham: Tx: no amoxicillinAcanthosis nigricans- thickening of the skin, skin pigmentation disorder (darkening) related to diabetes, colon cancer and obesityActinic keratosis- rough flat, dry, erythematous papules or plaques, scaly patch of red or brown skin caused by years of sun exposure, evolving carcinoma, precursor to squamous cell carcinoma, Dx biopsy, refer to dermatology, TX topical 5 fluoracil 5-FU, cryotherapyContact dermatitis- allergy to somethingSeborrheic dermatitis-(CRADLE CAP) chronic, superficial disorder,scaly patches and red skin mainly on scalp, TX rotation of prescription/nonprescription (scalp- ketoconazole/metronidazole(antifungal) shampoo, capitrol shampoo, selenium sulfide Selsun blue(adults/children) shampoo ciclopirox shampoo, topical steroid gel hydrocortisone) face hydrocortisone, ears-hydrocortisone cream, eyelids- baby shampoo, Sebhorric keratoses- soft wart like lesion appears pasted on, seen on back and trunk, (elderly) BENIGN, old age spots.