5 role of non governmental organizations 36 role of

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3.5 ROLE OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS 3.6 ROLE OF HUMAN RIGHTS’ COMMISSION 3.7 THE ROLE OF INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS The chapter further provided a comparison of OAU/AU treaties ratified by Swaziland with other African states. On examination of this comparison one can conclude that Swaziland is lagging behind in the ratification of continental treaties. Additionally, a comparison of UN human rights treaties ratified by SADC states was analysed and a conclusion was drawn that Swaziland is on par in with other regional states in this regard. However it was observed that in as much as they ratified most of them were ratified most were not domesticated by enacting the requisite legal instruments. 46
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CHAPTER 4 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 4.1 CONCLUSION This chapter provides a summary of the work already presented. The study set out to explore the challenges that Swaziland faces in the ratification of multilateral treaties and conventions. The study noted that there are quantitatively observable reasons for the current low levels of ratification such as a lack of technical and financial resources for ratification, reporting and implementation. There are also cultural, legal and political obstacles. The study also sought to know why ratified treaties are not being domesticated. The general theoretical literature on this subject and specifically in the context of Swaziland is inadequate and this was the main motivation of conducting this study. Chapter 1; firstly, introduces the issues at stake and suggests their significance; secondly, It analyses existing theoretical framework on the subject matter; thirdly, a summary of the research methodology is presented and finally outlines the organization of the study. It was felt that in order to understand the challenges to Swaziland's ratification process it was necessary to analyse the ratification process as it exists today and furthermore to analyses the organizational structure of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International 47
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Cooperation which plays a pivotal role in the ratification process. This was examined in Chapter 2. Chapter 3 provided an analysis of the main findings of the case itself. The main findings were presented in seven broad headings; cultural, legal, political, bureaucratic obstacles, lack of technical and financial resources, role of ngo’s and role of human rights commission. These factors were identified as the main reasons why ratification levels in Swaziland are low and why domestication of ratified instruments does not happen often enough. The chapter also compared the level of ratification of OAU/AU conventions of Swaziland against other African states which showed how much Swaziland is lagging behind in the ratification of OAU/AU conventions. Furthermore it compared the level of UN human rights conventions ratified by Swaziland with other SADC countries.
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