SOCIAL PSYCH READING NOTES .docx

Self interest colours our social judgment if

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Self-interest colours our social judgment - If something bad happens, we put the blame on others, however when something good happens we take the responsibility - Self-concern motivates our social behaviour - Worry about appearance to make a positive impression - We look at others and adjust our behaviour accordingly - Social relationships help define the self - Varying selves for different relationships
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- Sense of self organizes our thoughts, feelings and actions Your sense of self - Right hemisphere of the brain is important for recognizing the self - Elements of self-concept are self schemas - Schemas are mental templates by which we organize our worlds Possible selves - Self-schemas include who we might become - our possible selves - Possible selves include our visions of the self we dream of becoming - Includes the self we fear we might become Development of the social self - Helps organize our thinking and guides our social behaviour - Genetic influences on personality and the self- concept Social identity - Sense of who we are - Contains personal identity and social identity - Personal identity is sense of personal attributes Social comparisons - Others around us help to define standards in which we define ourselves (rich or poor, smart or dumb) - Our comparisons to others are determinants of our self- views - Compare upward by raising the standards by which we evaluate ourselves Success and failure - To take on challenging tasks we must feel competent enough to do so - Doing well in school stimulates people to work harder and achieve more Other people’s judgments - When people think well of us, it helps us think well of ourselves - Looking glass self describes how we think others see us - a mirror for seeing ourselves - Refined concept to say that it is us imagining what others will see, not what others do actually see - Self- esteem - is the psychological gauge in which we monitor and react to how others appraise us - Predicted by communal qualities for people whose roles make these qualities
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attractive to others - Depends on whether or not we believe we have traits that make us attractive to others Self and culture - Individualism - Identity is self contained - Independent self - Identity as a unique individual with particular abilities traits, values and dreams - Collectivism - Say “i” less often (went to the movie, instead of I went to the movie) - Interdependent self - More self-critical and have less need for positive self-regard - Within a culture, individualism will vary from person to person - Conservatives tend to be economic individualists and moral collectivists Self- knowledge - When causes to why we act a certain way are subtle our self- explanations are wrong - We may dismiss factors that matter and inflate others that don’t - We are bad predictors of what will make us happy Predicting behaviour - People cannot predict their behaviour - Friends and family normally know better than people when it comes to predicting the length of a relationship - Common error in behaviour prediction is underestimating how long it will take to
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