83 juan carlos originally hoped to purchase a home

  • University of Texas
  • ARC 318
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  • Mickkhan91
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Chapter 4 / Exercise 136
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83) Juan Carlos originally hoped to purchase a home. However, because he could not earn enough money to ever afford one, he decided that a home was no longer important. Instead, he found happiness through quitting his job, moving into a shack in the woods, and enjoying the solitude. Merton would classify Juan Carlos's adaptation to strain as: retreatism 84) Casey could not believe that her friends were continuing on to college after high school. She found it much more important to try to overthrow the current government, and planned to chain herself to the capital building and stage a hunger strike until her demands were met. Merton would argue that Casey was coping with strain through: rebellion 85) Elizabeth argued that one reason women are abused by their husbands is because their unpaid labor is undervalued in society. Which perspective is Elizabeth most likely using? feminist 86) Which of the following sources of information is based on police reports? uniform crime reports 87) Which of the following do the authors of the text argue is the best way to measure crime? triangulation of multiple data sources 88) Crimes against the company are more likely to occur when: employees are mentally stimulated by their jobs 89) Companies that fail to install adequate safety equipment because they feel pressured not to cut into their profits commit a crime against their employees. This behavior can best be explained by what theory? differential association 90) An act that attempts to break down an inmate's sense of self in order to re-socialize them is known as: de-socialization 91) Recidivism is: c) Returning to prison after already serving a prior term 92) Members of groups and societies define socially constructed concepts. true
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Chapter 4 / Exercise 136
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93) Social control theory is a macro-level theory of deviance. false 94) According to labeling theory, if social controls weaken, people are more likely to become deviant. false 95) According to differential association theory, if one does not spend a great deal of time with deviant friends, the individual may not become deviant. true 96) The frustration and anger that can result from being unable to meet common societal goals is known as strain. true 97) Miriam wanted to be able to own a fancy car, so she attended college and became a physician. She could then afford to purchase her luxury automobile. Merton would argue that Miriam was using conformity to adapt to strain. true 98) According to Merton, ritualism involves the use of illicit means to reach approved goals. false 99) Conflict theorists argue that the greater the inequality in society, the more conflict will exist. true 100) Americans are most worried about predatory crimes. true 101) According to the text, some forms of white-collar crime are considered victimless.

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