The monuments that celebrate these ages are the pride of the world they are for

The monuments that celebrate these ages are the pride

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more marvelous than the other.The monuments that celebrate these ages are the pride of the world, they are for the Italians a sharp reminder of their duties.We also need to establish Rome and to erect our monuments to civilization so that our descen- dants might be able to say that we were great like our forefathers. 224 the architecture of modern italy
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the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900 4.22 “Roma Capitale d’Italia, Memoria dell’entrata dell’esercito italiano a Roma,” 1870. Engraving by Alessandro Moschetti 4.23 “Pianta Guida della Città di Roma,Veduta a volo d’uccello,” Rome, 1884
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Rome became the capital of Italy under a regime characterized by an acute historical consciousness. The installation of the Italian government in Rome had an indelible effect upon the city. Buildings were demolished and quarters gutted, but these acts were never wanton. Only those structures that could be construed as symbols of papal military aspiration were considered for major alteration or elimination (the papal fortifications at the Castel Sant’Angelo around the Mausoleum of Hadrian, the fortified tower erected on the Capitoline by Pope Paul III, both strongholds connected to papal palaces). Contrary to exaggerated fears of anticlerical retaliation by the new government, the obliteration of ecclesiastical symbols would have been detrimental to the new administration; the nationalized, secular Rome derived its strength precisely from its proximity to the old images of the former great regimes, both imperial and papal. Primo Levi, an art critic and journalist at the time, advanced an idea of a new monument on the Capitoline Hill, writing:“Italian Rome needs to rise as a new personality, an unprecedented event, with its new institutions, with its original monuments, to demonstrate what the capital city of a grand people could be before the capital of two successive worlds.” Rome was Italy’s greatest asset politically and architecturally, and attitudes toward it expressed in acts of construction or demolition were shaped according to clear political goals. In the first hours after the siege of Porta Pia, the military occupied key positions throughout the city including the Palazzo Montecitorio and Castel Sant’Angelo, until then the papal courthouse and political prisons. Meanwhile, the Roman populace, once assured of the success of the coup, gathered on the Capitoline to celebrate and declare their allegiance to the Italian nation.When Vittorio Emanuele II finally entered Rome by train, he took up residence overlooking the city in the Quirinal palace, just as Napoleon had planned. These first acts of occupation were largely expedient but they had a lasting effect upon the city’s modernization: Palazzo Montecitorio was adapted to the needs of the lower house of the legislature and Palazzo Quirinale became the permanent residence of the Italian head of state. Expropriations of ecclesiastical property were 226 the architecture of modern italy
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also an expedient means of housing the government ministries transferred from Florence. Some of the largest monastic complexes
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  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

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