Group activities student advisement and responsive

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group activities, student advisement, and responsive services such as counseling in groups or on an individual basis, and crisis response. Indirect services are data driven and fall within either the micro-level or the macro-level. Indirect services are services that are performed on behalf of the student. These can fall into subcategories of student advocacy, school, community collaboration and systems advocacy at the micro-level. Student advocacy can include referrals, collaboration and anything that involves assessing the needs for direct intervention. School/community collaboration includes advisory councils and other actions that the counselor and community come together to collaborate on to
address a problem and come up with an appropriate plan of action. Systems advocacy looks at the system itself through assessment analysis and program goal analysis. This information allows the counselor to advocate on a system level. At the macro-level, indirect services fall between two categories according to the ASCA National Model, public information and social/political advocacy. In the public information aspect of indirect services we find collaboration between the counselor and the community, management of the advisory council, school committees and sharing results to the community to identify any macro-level issues. Social and political advocacy for a professional counselor includes participating in district committees, board presentations, legislative level advocating and involvement with the state and national associations. Collaboration Professional school counselors are always working together in and out of the school. Counselors collaborate in the school with the students, teachers, and administration on working towards the success of each students. Outside of the school collaboration exists with parents, community members and agencies building a strong sense of community which helps to further encourage success for all students.
Professional counselors stay in contact with the community, stakeholders, advisory council, parents, administration, staff and administration. Counselors also share program results and reports with stakeholders and participate on school leadership teams. Systemic Change Systemic change “occurs when inequitable policies, procedures and attitudes are changed” (ASCA National Model, 2012), and it takes time. There is a process that systemic change usually goes by. The process starts with the old system running as usual. Then it goes into an awareness phase where a problem is sensed but is not quite determined what the problem is. We then move into the exploration phase where small changes are made that are typically low risk. Once the commitments are made to the new system, they are in the transition phase. The emergence of a new infrastructure is the phase where some of the new elements have more permanence and acceptance. The final phase, predominance of the new system is when the powerful parts of the new system are fully operational and accepted.

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