Loss of elastic recoilCorrect Answer: b. Loss of elastic recoilQuestion 20 1 out of 1 pointsA nurse is preparing to teach the staff about asthma. Which information should the nurse include? Airway hyper-responsiveness in asthma is related to:Selected Answer:c. Exposure to an allergen causing mast cell degranulationCorrect Answer: c. Exposure to an allergen causing mast cell degranulationQuestion 21 1 out of 1 pointsIndividuals with a recent diagnosis of emphysema should be assessed for which most common presenting factor?Selected Answer:c. DyspneaCorrect Answer: c.
DyspneaQuestion 22 0 out of 1 pointsWhen the pulmonologist discusses the condition in which a series of alveoli in the left lower lobe receive adequate ventilation but do not have adequate perfusion, which statement indicates the nurse understands this condition? When this occurs in a patient it is called:Selected Answer:c. A low ventilation-perfusion ratioCorrect Answer: b. Alveolar dead spaceQuestion 23 1 out of 1 pointsA 9-year-old male contracted influenza. Which of the following complications is of greatest concern to the nurse?Selected Answer:b. Bronchiolitis obliteransCorrect Answer: b. Bronchiolitis obliteransQuestion 24 1 out of 1 pointsA nurse is teaching staff about pulmonary edema. Which information should the nurse include? The most common cause of pulmonary edema is:Selected Answer:b.
Left heart failureCorrect Answer: b. Left heart failureQuestion 25 1 out of 1 pointsA 14-year-old male is experiencing an asthma exacerbation. When reviewing the lab results, which of the following cells in the submucosa promote this inflammatory response and will be elevated?Selected Answer:b. EosinophilsCorrect Answer: b. EosinophilsQuestion 26 1 out of 1 pointsA 60-year-old female with a 25-year history of smoking is diagnosed with emphysema. She has an increased anterior-posterior chest diameter. The nurse attributes this finding to:Selected Answer:a. Air trappingCorrect Answer: a. Air trappingQuestion 27 1 out of 1 points
A 22-year-old female presents with chronic bronchitis. Tests reveal closure of the airway during expiration. While planning care, a nurse recalls this condition is most likely caused by:Selected Answer:a. Thick mucus from hypertrophied glandsCorrect Answer: a. Thick mucus from hypertrophied glandsQuestion 28 0 out of 1 pointsA 53-year-old male with a 20-year history of smoking is diagnosed with emphysema. When the nurse is asked what causes this, what is the nurse’s best response? Changes in his lungs are caused by:Selected Answer:b. Destruction of alveolar wallCorrect Answer: c. Obstruction to heart tissueQuestion 29 1 out of 1 pointsA 15-year-old female is diagnosed with restrictive lung disease caused by fibrosis. The patient had a pulmonary functions test. Which of the following findings is expected?Selected Answer:d. Decreased functional residual capacityCorrect Answer: d.
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