145 Australian researchers have estimated that 25 of all bitcoin users and 44

145 australian researchers have estimated that 25 of

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[145] Australian researchers have estimated that 25% of all bitcoin users and 44% of all bitcoin transactions are associated with illegal activity as of April 2017. There were an estimated 24 million bitcoin users primarily using bitcoin for illegal activity. They held $8 billion worth of bitcoin, and made 36 million transactions valued at $72 billion. [246] [247]
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In popular culture Literature In Charles Stross ' 2013 science fiction novel, Neptune's Brood , the universal interstellar payment system is known as "bitcoin" and operates using cryptography. [248] Stross later blogged that the reference was intentional, saying "I wrote Neptune's Brood in 2011. Bitcoin was obscure back then, and I figured had just enough name recognition to be a useful term for an interstellar currency: it'd clue people in that it was a networked digital currency." [249] Film The 2014 documentary The Rise and Rise of Bitcoin portrays the diversity of motives behind the use of bitcoin by interviewing people who use it. These include a computer programmer and a drug dealer. [250] The 2016 documentary Banking on Bitcoin is an introduction to the beginnings of bitcoin and the ideas behind cryptocurrency today. [251] Academia In September 2015, the establishment of the peer- reviewed academic journal Ledger ( ISSN 2379-5980 ) was announced. It covers studies of cryptocurrencies and related technologies, and is published by the University of Pittsburgh . [252] The journal encourages authors to digitally sign a file hash of submitted papers, which will then be timestamped into the bitcoin blockchain . Authors are also asked to include a personal bitcoin address in the first page of their papers. [253] [254] See also Alternative currency Base58 Crypto-anarchism List of bitcoin companies
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