1 what is literature a everything youtube videos

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1. What is Literature? a) Everything! Youtube videos, twerking, King Lear , etc.
b) As long as we put them in their historical context 2. What is an author?
3. What is a reader?
Shmoop: Cultural Studies Notes I. Introduction A. In a Nutshell 1. Like a Kid in an Analytical Candy Store a) It doesn’t have just one theoretical approach b) It doesn’t confine itself to one narrow corner of literature or culture. c) First emerged as a field of study at the University of Birmingham (in England), with the opening of the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies. 2. Stickin’ It to the Man, Academia-Style a) Cultural studies isn’t just about the author or the structure of the text, but how people consume texts and how texts engage with real life. (1) Identity and representation are key targets for examination, as are gender, sexuality, race, class, and other areas of marginalization. B. Why Should I Care? 1. Why Should Readers Care? a) Cultural studies has a much wider scope than many other academic disciplines. b) Doesn’t just focus on “the classics”, but also popular, non-traditional texts. c) All about “keeping it real”-- sees texts as a part of culture, not as products of some mythical author figure. 2. Why Should Theorists Care? a) It engages political and social themes, including issues relating to identity on an individual and group basis. b) Offers sharp critical lens to examine how power and resistance operate in everyday life, and how meaning and values are created. II. Buzzwords A. Interdisciplinary 1. Any song, piece of art, etc. can be studied from a wide array of theoretical perspectives.
2. Cross-disciplinary, trans-disciplinary, post-disciplinary, extra-disciplinary, psycho-disciplinary, etc. cultural studies can’t be pinned down. B. Critical Theory 1. Theory that critiques, specifically society and human behavior. 2. Doesn’t refer to a single, narrow model of study-- it’s about analyzing how meaning is transmitted and interpreted, and delving into the psychological and social characteristics of all types of cultural texts. 3. The idea that politics and ideology determine how people think, and that limits human freedom in terms of thoughts and actions. a) Idea promoted by a group of Marxists called The Frankfurt School C. Representation 1. Refers to the depiction of individuals and groups within a cultural text. 2. About the media and identity politics, but it also factors into texts of all varieties. D. Identity 1. Cultural studies = study of culture. Culture is made up of people. People usually possess some sort of identity. 2. Can refer to an individual or a group.

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