efficient_combating_the_informal_economy.doc

Table 3 number of persons found working illegally and

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Table 3 - Number of persons found working illegally and number of persons who after supervision concluded employment contracts for the period 2005-2010 67
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0 5.000 10.000 15.000 20.000 25.000 30.000 35.000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 I-IX 2010 Лица затечена на фактичком раду Број лица са којима је по надзору заснован радни однос Persons found informally employed Persons who after supervision concluded employment contracts with employers Based on former practice, inspection supervisions should be carried out continually, in the morning, in the afternoon as well as in the evening, for clandestine employment may at these hours be most likely determined. For the purpose of advanced control of the employers, particularly the employers from the trading and catering sector, where clandestine employment is mainly occurring, the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy organized work shifts for labour inspectors to check if the employers hire persons with no valid employment contract in the afternoon shift as well. 68
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For the relevant report period, it is also significant that the orders issued by labour inspectors in charge for employment contracts were largely met in a very short time, even before the prescribed deadline and mostly out of fear from high financial penalties. * * * Actions taken by the Labour Inspectorate in order to overcome and reduce clandestine employment: - providing that concluded employment contracts are registered with competent municipal or other state authority (National Employment Office organizational units, Pension and Disablement Insurance Fund), in order to hinder abuse practices concerning the circumvention of concluding employment contracts, i.e. their antedating, - within field activities of inspection authorities, providing a larger, improved and more efficient coordination at the republic level through establishing of joint body with the Government of the Republic of Serbia, in order to plan and more efficiently conduct joint affairs for the purpose of uplifting the efficiency of inspection authorities. The same body would prepare and coordinate implementation of an action plan for combating the informal economy, i.e. clandestine employment. - accelerating infringement procedure and solving other related problems such as frequent obsolescence, passing sentences far under legal minimum, etc. 69
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- organizing a unique informational system and creating conditions for electronic communication between all state authorities participating in the fight against the informal employment. - applying the provision of the Misdemeanour Act stipulating that if the inflicted penalty for infringement is merely a financial fine, the infringement procedure for certain first-degree misdemeanours could be handled by a state authority, which would then mean that a disciplinary body with the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy, i.e. Labour Inspectorate would handle the relevant procedure, for the purpose of acceleration and efficiency of infringement procedure.
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