i Parallelism ii Repetition iii Alliteration iv Antithesis COMM 1110 Fall 2019

I parallelism ii repetition iii alliteration iv

This preview shows page 22 - 25 out of 30 pages.

i) Parallelism ii) Repetition iii) Alliteration iv) Antithesis
Image of page 22

Subscribe to view the full document.

COMM 1110 Fall 2019 7. What are the six elements of language? Metaphor An implicit comparison, not introduced with the "like" or "as," between two things that are essentially different yet have something in common examples: - Love is a battlefield . - Upon hearing the charges, the accused clammed up and refused to speak without a lawyer. - Every year a new crop of activists is born . Simile An explicit comparison introduced with the word "like" or "as," between things that are essentially different yet have something in common examples: - The thunderous applause was like a party among the gods. - After the revelation, she was as angry as a raccoon caught in a cage. - Love is like a battlefield. Personification The attribution of a personal nature or character to inanimate objects or abstract notions, especially as a rhetorical figure Parallelism The similar arrangement of a pair or series of related words, phrases, or sentences Example: - “Give me liberty or give me death.” Repetition Reiteration of the same word or set of words at the beginning or end of successive clauses or sentences Example: In that speech, Martin Luther King Jr. repeated the phrase “I have a dream” eight times to great effect. Alliteration Repetition of the initial consonant sound of close or adjoining words - In the Harry Potter novel series, the author uses alliteration to name the four wizards who founded Hogwarts School for Witchcraft and Wizardry: * Godric Gryffindor, Helga Hufflepuff, Rowena Ravenclaw, and Salazar Slytherin. -There are two basic types of alliteration: immediate juxtaposition and nonimmediate juxtaposition. Immediate juxtaposition occurs when the consonants clearly follow one after the other —as we see in the Harry Potter example. *
Image of page 23
COMM 1110 Fall 2019 Nonimmediate juxtaposition occurs when the consonants are repeated in nonadjacent words e.g., “It is the p oison that we must p urge from our p olitics, the wall that we must tear down before the hour grows too late” - Sometimes you can actually use examples of both immediate and nonimmediate juxtaposition within a single speech. The following example is from Bill Clinton’s acceptance speech at the 1992 Democratic National Convention: “Somewhere at this very moment, a child is b eing b orn in America. Let it be our cause to give that child a h appy h ome, a h ealthy family, and a h opeful future.” Antithesis The juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, usually in parallel structure ?Assonance Assonance is similar to alliteration, but instead of relying on consonants, assonance gets its rhythm from repeating the same vowel sounds with different consonants in the stressed syllables. The phrase “ how now brown cow ,” which elocution students traditionally used to learn to pronounce rounded vowel sounds, is an example of assonance. While rhymes like “ free as a breeze,” “mad as a hatter,” and “no pain, no gain ” are examples of assonance, speakers should be wary of relying on assonance because when it is overused it can quickly turn into bad poetry.
Image of page 24

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 25
  • Spring '12
  • Callison

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask ( soon) You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes