Roman opera themes more biblical in nature these

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Roman Opera: Themes more Biblical in nature, these later become oratoriosSpecial rules for opera in Papal States (i.e., no women on stage, etc.) Public Opera house: First in Venice in 1627 with a change in opera subjects: reality, comedy, and scandal (not myth and nobility)- Ian PepperThurs., Sept. 20: Sacred MusicSacred Vocal Music (1600-1650)·Fieldtrip tomorrow, class 120, right there beside the archives. Lots of old stuff!·Little lecture about sacred stuff within “Opera town” ·Two main topicsoMonteverdi’s “1610 Vespers” (Vespro della Beata Vergine)§Musically controversialoHeinrich Schütz(1585-1672) and his works§More of this is in the textbook·Monteverdi’s 1610 VespersoVarious musical styles are included in the one workoHe seems super confident (it’s very fully formed)oNo evidence that it was performed in Monteverdi’s lifetimeoMight have been used as an audition piece for Venice (Venice is rich, best place for the new and artsy. Also the ‘church gig’ is rad. - Dr. H.)oConsists of§14 movements§Modelled after a Vespers service (Catholic, Italian) – takes place when the sun goes down·Introductory material (versicle, responses)oStarts with a chant
·5 psalms with 5 motets (the normal thing is: anthem, psalm, anthem, psalm, call and response)·Hymn·Magnificat (piece of poetry that occurs in the bible that Mary says when Gabriel says that she is going to have Christ – “My soul magnifies the lord”) – this always ends vespers§90 minutes§A variety of different settings (big voice choir, complex choir, solo, duet, basso continuo, several instruments, you name it, there’s even a tenor who pops up in the middle of the song, to make 3)§Mixes the prima and seconda prattica·Samples of different types of setting in Monteverdi’s 1610 VespersoThe Versicle and Response that begins every Office Hour in the Roman Church: DEUS IN ADJUTORIUM MEUM INTENDE *declaration voice* (O God, come to my help)§Monteverdi sets it as a chant echoed by musical elements from the beginning of Orfeo!! §Vocal duet that turns into a trio (with accompaniment) called Duo Seraphim·The two guys are just calling away like seraphim do and then BAM: He takes the text and when it says “Tres sunt” (they are three) and some third dude just chimes in and thenwhen they say “tres unum sunt” (“These three are one”) theyall sing in unison. This is theological and stuff.oThe second Magnificat setting included, “The Magnificat a 7” is the subject of some controversy concerning its transposition·Controversy in the 1610 VespersoWhere are the antiphons?oHow do we sing the motets? Are they pseudo-antiphons? Supplements?oIs this only for the Virgin Mary? Possibly also St. BarbaraoHow do we perform it?oTransposed? (For the organ stuff, maybe it was written for a special organ which was tuned differently? But he wrote it to be easily transposed?)oSherlock meets Monteverdi, cuz what the heck was this honking diversely-styled piece for? [It was for us, Ell. It was for US!!! - Dr. H. :-)]·Heinrich Schütz (1585-1672)oBorn in GermanyoHe’s exactly 100 years older than Bacho

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