35 Low carbon development involves build ing low carbon LICS in both the North

35 low carbon development involves build ing low

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and ensure large-scale dissemination and use. 35. Low-carbon development involves build-ing low-carbon LICS in both the North and the South, and stimulating their interaction. There is a growing consensus that interna-tional action to harness technology for cli-mate change mitigation and general develop-ment in the South must go beyond a debate of technology transfer to focus instead on innovation cooperation , i.e., joint action to accelerate the development, adaptation, and deployment of suitable technologies. Inno- vation cooperation needs to extend beyond the technological aspect and encompass other facets of the innovation system that support the deployment of technology and builds ca- pabilities. A better understanding of the role of local innovation in developing countries for achieving and sustaining low-carbon de- velopment is urgently needed. Recommendations to donor organisations 36. Donor organisations should seek to support experimentation with new business models for decentralised energy provision, bringing together system actors such as energy service providers, financial institutions, equipment manufacturers, and suppliers of operation and maintenance services. This support may com- bine policies for renewable energy with fund- ing for infrastructure such as microgrids. It will also involve consultations that bring together local community government and service pro- viders to combine service-level standards and social standards for democratising technology choices and enhancing job generation. 37. Engaging with and supporting system op- erators with the capacity for oversight in par- ticular technology fields are crucial to provide advice and connect stakeholders. System op- erator organisation can facilitate project repli- cation and up scaling. A key task for donors is to engage with local administrations to build the ‘meta-capabilities’ necessary for bringing together and orchestrating the various actors. Bringing experiences and capabilities to the system level should be a key priority area. 38. Support mechanisms to enhance South-South technology transfer by organising matchmak- ing events for buyers and suppliers of appro- priate sustainable technologies in the global South. South-South collaboration is likely to be particularly important in this regard. The emerging economies of BRICS are in a strong LOW-CARBON INNOVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 15
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position to advance relevant and affordable technologies because their conditions are simi- lar to those in poor countries. Donors should actively work to bring together the relevant ac- tors in the global South and provide platforms for collaboration. Some Northern donors have started working with ‘triangular cooperation methods’ in low-carbon fields where the do- nors actively facilitate technology collabora-tion and exchange between Southern partners 39. Support awareness raising and curriculum development for low-carbon and sustain-able development. Educational systems are crucial elements of low-carbon LICS because they are central to influencing the values that form
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