And 3 out of 4 individuals in low income countries with a mental health

And 3 out of 4 individuals in low income countries

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And, 3 out of 4 individuals in low-income countries with a mental health condition do NOT have access to treatmentoThis issue is crucial Lack of mental health services is not just in low-income countriesIt is an issue everywhereGraph shows differences in government investments in mental health care by regionGlobally, the average amount of government expenditure on mental health is $2.50/personAfrica, the average amount of government expenditure on mental health is $0.10/personAmerica, the average amount of government expenditure on mental health is $11.80/personEurope, the average amount of government expenditure on mental health is $21.00/personSoutheast Asia, the average amount of government expenditure on mental health is $0.10/personWith the difference in government investment there are also big differences in the number of people working in mental healthcareGlobally, the rate is 9 healthcare workers for every 100k peopleAfrica, the rate is 0.9 healthcare workers for every 100k peopleAmerica, the rate is 10.9 healthcare workers for every 100k peopleEurope, the rate is 50 healthcare workers for every 100k peopleSoutheast Asia, the rate is 2.5 healthcare workers for every 100k peopleHuge disparities in mental health services like hospitalsLow-income countries have minimal services on average, at 0.4 beds per 100k peopleLow-middle-income countries have 0.9 beds per 100k peopleUpper-middle-income countries have 3.4 beds per 100k peopleHigh-income countries have 13.1 beds per 100k peopleoStrategiesmhGAP (mental health gap)“Scaling up services for mental, neurological, and substance use disorders for countries especially with low- and middle-income” – WHO.intTechnologyoIntervention Guide appAvailable on IOS and AndroidThis app provides the screening process for several mental health conditionsThe idea is that community health workers can be trained to use it to interview people
After going through the questions, the app will signal if the reported signs and symptoms indicate that the person should be referred to higher levels ofcareTask-shiftingoCommunity health workersoAccess to mental health screenings may be increased dramatically without having to rely on professionally trained mental health workers, like psychologists and psychiatrists, who are expensive to train and often do not practice in rural areas where access to services may be most criticaloUsing community health workers may also help to address issues of stigma, as theyare familiar with local, social, and cultural ideas around mental health and can workin more culturally appropriate waysThese types of programs are expanding throughout the world, but they still face a lot of challenges, particularly regarding the limited access to mental health services and the stigma surrounding mental healthLecture Video 3: Global Health and Body Image
One area where we can clearly see the interaction between social determinants of health, sociocultural norms and

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