learner to recall its partnerpar from a list of four possible choices The

Learner to recall its partnerpar from a list of four

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learner to recall its partner/par from a list of four possible choices. The teacher is told to administer an electric shock every time the learner makes a mistake, increasing the level of shock each time. When the teacher refused to administer a shock the experiment was to give a series of orders/prods to ensure they continued. 65% of participants continued to the highest level of 450 volts Conclusion: Ordinary people are likely to follow orders given by an authority figure, even to the extent of killing an innocent human being. What increases obedience? Legitimate authority figure When the experimenter said stop, 0% continued even when the learner said to continue Proximity of victim 30% obeyed when they had to touch the victim to administer the touch Proximity of authority 20.5% obeyed when orders were given by telephone Reasons for obedience Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison Study What happens when you put good people in an evil place? In 1971, Zimbardo randomly assigned Stanford University students to be either "prisoners" or "guards" in a mock prison for a 2 week experiment Created strong group dynamic and loss of personal responsibility Illustrates the power of social situations on our behavior and what we think Social roles widely shared expectations about how people in certain positions are supposed to behave. Bystander effect People are less likely to provide needed help when they are in groups than when they are alone NOTE: You do not need to know section 12.7.
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  • Spring '08
  • Palfai

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