Being contrasted choson neo confucianisms spiritual

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31. Hong Kyŏngnae Rebellion (1811-12)People from many socioeconomic and status backgroundsUprising to overthrow reigning government1811-12Choson (Pyongyang)Demonstrated people’s discontent with local government corruption and a weak king and rigidity of social status system, diverse people unified from this common cause as well asnear-famine conditions32. King Kojong (1852-1919; r. 1864-1907)Korean monarchBecame emperor of the “Great Korean Empire”19th-20thcenturiesKorean peninsulaOpened formal trade relations with Japan, emperor during “Glorious Military” period, connected imperial emperor-centered state’s legitimacy to economic development/modern advances 33. Taewŏn’gun (regent 1864-1873)Father of boy king KojongXenophobic, believed Catholicism instrument of Western imperialism19thcenturyChosonFears led to mass persecution of Catholics, conflicts with foreigners, struggles for power between father/son/queen-son wants to rule after his 9 yr regency but Min family subject to corruption, unfair policies, kidnapped by Chinese and later returned

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